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1 Slide 1 FSL 3 New Scenarios 2 Pillars Slide 2 Pillars of Safety WATCH READ

PLAY 3 Pillars Slide 3 Pillars of Safety Situation 4 Pillars

Slide 4 Pillars Outcome A Outcome A Pillars Slide 5 Pillars Discussion Questions: Outcome A Discussion Questions: Outcome A 1. What are your thoughts on how Fred handled this situation? 2. What about Fay? 3. Do you think Fays approach will help Terrie and Tim learn how to properly inspect a scaffold?

5 6 Pillars Slide 6 Pillars Outcome B Video Outcome B Pillars Slide 7 Pillars Discussion Questions: Outcome

B Discussion Questions: Outcome B 1. Which of the leadership skills did Fay demonstrate this time? 2. What are some things Fay can do in the future to ensure that her crew has the necessary training and skills to always be safe on the jobsite? 7 Pillars Situation Key Points

Slide 8 Pillars Situation Key Points AMB wants two brick pillars built on either side of the parking lot entrance of the Cain building before the grand opening in a month. A scaffold guardrail is getting in the way of the masons working on the pillars, so they decide to remove it. They forget to put it back before leaving for the weekend. On Monday morning, AMB laborers Terrie and Tim dont notice the missing guardrail, so they sign the green tag indicating that the scaffold is 100% OSHA compliant. 8

Pillars Slide 9 Outcome Pillars Outcome A Key Points A Key Points On Monday morning, Fred, the masonry foreman, sees Terrie, Tim, and their foreman, Fay. He yells at Fay, saying her crew signed off on a scaffold missing a guardrail and now he wont be able to start work on time, putting them behind schedule. Fay apologizes before turning to Terry and Tim to yell at them for signing off on a non-compliant scaffold and for

making her look bad in front of Fred. 9 Pillars Slide 10 Pillars Discussion Questions: Outcome A Discussion Questions: Outcome A 1. What are your thoughts on how Fred handled this situation? 2. What about Fay? 3. Do you think Fays approach will help Terrie and Tim

learn how to properly inspect a scaffold? 10 Pillars B Key Points Slide 11Outcome Pillars Outcome B Key Points On Monday morning, Fred sees Terrie, Tim, and their foreman, Fay. He yells at Fay, saying her crew signed off on a scaffold missing a guardrail and now he wont be able to start work on time, putting them behind schedule.

Fay wants to yell at Terrie and Tim for making her look bad, but she knows it will make them defensive and tune out what shes saying. Instead, she takes them aside to discuss the situation. Once away from the pillar, Fay asks Terrie and Tim if they know why Fred was mad. 11 Pillars Slide 12 Pillars Outcome B Key Point Outcome B Key Points (cont.) (continued)

When they dont respond, Fay explains that they must always do a thorough inspection before letting anyone use a scaffold that AMB builds. Fay reads OSHAs e-tool scaffold inspection instructions aloud from her tablet, asking Tim and Terrie to repeat the steps back to her so she can clarify any misunderstanding. Afterwards, Fay watches as they replace the guardrail, reinspect the scaffold, and fill out the tag indicating its 100% OSHA compliant. 12 Pillars

Slide 13 Pillars Discussion Questions Outcome B Discussion Questions: Outcome B 1. Which of the leadership skills did Fay demonstrate this time? 2. What are some things Fay can do in the future to ensure that her crew has the necessary training and skills to always be safe on the jobsite? 13 14

Pillars Slide 14 Pillars of Safety Video Situation Pillars Slide 15 Pillars Outcome A & Discussion Outcome A Questions for Outcome A

Please role play how Fay might respond to Terrie and Tim after Fred, the masonry foreman, yells at her for her crew signing off on a scaffold missing a guardrail, and for making her look bad in front of him. DO NOT use any of the 5 leadership skills. Discussion Questions for Outcome A 1. Fay, what did you say to Terrie and Tim? 2. What could go wrong in a situation like this? 3. From Terries and Tims standpoint, in what way(s) might Fays reaction affect the crew? 15 Pillars

Slide 16 Pillars Outcome B & Discussion Outcome B Questions for Outcome B This time, role play the interaction between Fay and her crew if she chooses to lead by example, actively listen, and develop her team members by teaching and coaching them. Discussion Questions for Outcome B 1. What did Fay say to Terrie and Tim this time?

2. Terrie and Tim, how might Fays reaction affect your future behavior at work? 16 17 Stormy Slide 17 Stormy Weather WATCH READ

PLAY 18 Stormy Slide 18 Stormy Weather Video Situation 19 Stormy

Slide 19 Stormy Outcome A Video Outcome A Stormy Slide 20 Stormy Discussion Questions Outcome A Discussion Questions: Outcome A 1. What are your thoughts on how Elaine and Filip handled this situation? 2. Which safety leadership skills did they or did they not

demonstrate? 3. What message is Filip sending to Elaine and Tad about how much he values safety? 20 21 Stormy Slide 21 Stormy Outcome B Video Outcome B

Stormy Slide 22 Stormy Discussion Questions Outcome B Discussion Questions: Outcome B 1. Which of the leadership skills did Filip and Elaine demonstrate this time? 2. Think of a situation where a worker spoke up about a safety hazard. What happened and what was the outcome? 3. How can you encourage others on your crews to use safety leadership skills?

22 23 Stormy Key Situation Points SlideSituation 23 Stormy At a morning huddle, AMB superintendent Sam tells the sheet metal and carpentry crews that today theyll prepare the roof for HVAC systems. After discussing the steps and potential hazards, Sam adds

that theyll need to get started because the forecast is showing severe storms with lightning this afternoon. Once on the roof, Francis and Evan from Aidens Carpentry cut 2 holes for the sheet metal workers to install duct work. They wont start duct work until after lunch, so they screw down plywood over the holes and put out safety cones. Stormy Slide 24 Outcome Stormy Outcome A Key Points A Key Points After lunch, Filip, the foreman at Parsons Sheet Metal,

notices dark clouds coming in. At the same time, Elaine, an experienced sheet metal worker, notices shes the only one wearing fall protection, which theyll need when they remove the plywood covering the holes. As Elaine starts telling Tad that everyone needs to be wearing fall protection, Filip interrupts saying theres really no risk of falling since theyre not working at the edge and the hole wont be open for that long. 24 Stormy Slide 25 Stormy Discussion Questions

Outcome A Discussion Questions: Outcome A 1. What are your thoughts on how Elaine and Filip handled this situation? 2. Which safety leadership skills did they or did they not demonstrate? 3. What message is Filip sending to Elaine and Tad about how much he values safety? 25 Stormy

B Key Points Slide 26 Outcome Stormy Outcome B Key Points After lunch, Filip notices dark clouds coming in. At the same time, Elaine notices shes the only one wearing fall protection, which is needed to remove the plywood covering the holes. As Elaine tells Tad that everyone needs fall protection, Filip starts to interrupt but stops. He empowers Elaine by allowing her to explain the fall hazard to Tad. Filip realizes the situation allows him to recognize Elaine for taking ownership of safety and for demonstrating good behavior to Tad. When shes done, Filip thanks Elaine for being a good role model and asks Tad to get the fall protection.

26 Stormy Slide 27 Stormy Discussion Questions Outcome B Discussion Questions: Outcome B 1. What do you think of the way Filip and Elaine handled the situation this time? 2. Which of the leadership skills did they demonstrate? 3. Describe a situation where a worker recognized and spoke up about a safety hazard. What safety leadership

skills did they use? What was the outcome? 4. How can you encourage others on your crews to use safety leadership skills? 27 28 Stormy Slide 28 Stormy Weather Video Situation

Stormy Slide 29 StormyOutcome OutcomeAA & Discussion Questions for Outcome A A sheet metal crew will be installing HVAC ductwork through holes cut into a roof. Elaine, an experienced worker, notices shes the only one wearing fall protection. As she starts telling Tad that everyone needs to use fall protection, their foreman Filip interrupts her. Please role play the conversation between Filip and Elaine. DO NOT use any of the leadership skills. Discussion Questions for Outcome A 1. Filip, what did you say to Elaine? 2. Elaine, what was your response and what could Filip

have done better? 29 Stormy Slide 30 Stormy Outcome B & Discussion Outcome B Questions for Outcome B This time, role play the same situation, but with Filip

leading by example, empowering, and recognizing Elaine. Discussion Questions for Outcome B 1. Filip, how did you use the leadership skills and in what ways was your conversation with Elaine different? 2. Elaine, how did it feel when Filip used the safety leadership skills? 30 31 Oh Solar Slide 31 Oh Solar Mio

WATCH READ PLAY 32 Oh Solar Slide 32 Oh Solar Mio Video Situation

33 Oh Solar Slide 33 Oh Solar Video Outcome A Oh Solar Slide 34 Oh Solar Discussion Questions Outcome A Discussion Questions: Outcome A

1. What do you think about how Ferris handled this situation? 2. How might his decision to go ahead with the lift affect the likelihood that Emily and Ethan will feel comfortable raising safety issues in the future? 34 35 Oh Solar Slide 35 Oh Solar Outcome B Video

Outcome B Oh Solar Slide 36 Oh Solar Discussion Questions Outcome B Discussion Questions: Outcome B 1. Which of the leadership skills did Ferris demonstrate this time? 2. Describe how this ending differed from the first one and what the impact might be on the crew.

36 Oh Solar Situation Key Points Slide37 Oh Solar Situation Key Points 37 Operating engineers Ethan and Emily, their foreman Ferris, and some ironworkers are at the Cain Building parking lot

checking out a trailer loaded with mounting structures needed to build solar carports. Ferriss lift plan involves using a crane with a load and capacity big enough to lift the materials, but the GC needed that crane on another jobsite and the only one available to rent is smaller with less capacity. When an ironworker reminds him theyre behind schedule, Ferris feels pressured and decides to use the smaller crane. Oh Solar Outcome A Key Points Slide 38 Oh

Solar Outcome A Key Points Ferris asks Ethan and Emily to get the slings and attach them to the mounting structure. Emily says shes worried the crane may be too small to do the lift safely. Ferris responds defensively, saying hes sure it will be fine. As Ferris starts the lift and extends the boom, he feels the bed of the crane begin to shift and the outrigger starts lifting off the ground. Luckily, hes able to retract the boom just in time to prevent a possible disaster. 38

Oh Solar Slide 39 Oh Solar Discussion Questions Outcome A Discussion Questions: Outcome A 1. What do you think about how Ferris handled this situation? 2. How might his decision to go ahead with the lift affect the likelihood that Emily and Ethan will feel comfortable raising safety issues in the future? 39

Oh Solar 40 Outcome B Key Points Slide 40 Oh Solar Outcome B Key Points When Ferris asks his crew to get the slings and attach them to the mounting structure, he hears Emily say shes worried the crane may be too small to do the lift safety. He realizes that if he ignores her comment, his role as a safety leader will be greatly weaken and his expectation that his crew

voice safety concerns will be meaningless. Ferris decides not to use the smaller crane and tells the crew that although the GC may not be happy, he is going to postpone the lift. He thanks Emily for having the courage to speak up about her concern. Oh Solar Slide 41 Oh Solar Discussion Questions Outcome B Discussion Questions: Outcome B 1. Which of the leadership skills did Ferris demonstrate this time?

2. Describe how this ending differed from the first one and what the impact might be on the crew. 41 42 Oh Solar Slide 42 Oh Solar Mio Situation Video Situation Oh Solar

Slide 43 Oh Solar Outcome A & Discussion Outcome A Questions for Outcome A Please role play the conversation between Emily and Ferris when she tries to tell him shes concerned about the lift. DO NOT use any of the 5 leadership skills. Discussion Questions for Outcome A 1. Emily, what did you say to Ferris? 2. Ferris, how did you respond?

43 Takeaways Slide 45 Takeaways It takes COURAGE to be a leader. It takes COURAGE to speak up. These skills can easily be inserted into the daily workflow and productivity will not be effected. Leaders Lead by example Engage and empower team member

Actively listen and Practice 3-way communication Develop team members by teaching, coaching, and knowing how to give constructive feedback Recognize team members Leaders improve SAFETY CLIMATE AND SAFETY OUTCOMES 44 45 Slide 46 (c) 2018, CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training. All rights reserved. These materials are made available free of charge by CPWR. No content can be modified without CPWR's approval. CPWR is the research and training arm of North America's Building Trades Unions

and serves the construction industry and its workers. (http://www.cpwr.com/). Production of this training program was supported by NIOSH cooperative agreement OH009762. The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NIOSH.

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