RESULTS OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES Aims of the Big Three Georges Clemenceau, France Blame Germany -punishment would be hard justice Wanted revenge Make Germany pay for damage Threatened by Germany,
wanted an independent Rhineland and wanted Alsace-Lorraine Peace wanted Germany weak and crippled Woodrow Wilson, USA 14 Points Wanted a better world safe for
democracy Fair peace Self-determination International cooperation (League of Nations) David Lloyd George, Great Britain Compromise Punish and make Germany pay, but not revenge like France
Protect British Empire Trade Peace: did not want to create anger in Germany which would lead to war in the future. 6 Terms of the Treaty GARGLE Guilt Clause 231, Germany accepted blame for causing all the loss and damage of the war
Army limited to 100,000; no submarines; no airplanes; 6 battleships (ridiculous); Rhineland demilitarized Reparations 6.6 billion British pounds to be paid in installments until 1984 Germany lost land Alsace-Lorraine to France; Saar to France (15 years); Malmedy to Belgium; North Schleswig to Denmark; West Prussia and Upper Silesia to Poland; Danzig a free city; Memel to Lithuania; German colonies became mandates of the League of Nations League of Nations set up
Extra Points Forbade Anschluss; Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania become independent states Germanys loss of territory from the Versailles Treaty Other Treaties The Other Treaties of 19191920 The Treaty of Versailles was not the only treaty of 191920. But it was the most important. FOUR other treaties were made with the four
countries who had helped Germany in the war. The Treaties were all named after parts of Paris: SaiNTS Saint Germain (with Austria), Neuilly (with Bulgaria), Trianon (with Hungary) and Svres (with Turkey). Self-determination [CHAPS] The treaties created new
nation-states (on map) Czechs and Slovaks in Czechoslovakia Hungarians in Hungary Austrians in Austria. Poles in Poland, Slavs in Yugoslavia, so it seems that selfdetermination was a success! Why Were the Germans Angry?
Tiny army sailors sank their own ships rather than hand them over Loss of land many Germans were forced to be citizens of other countries because of changed country lines Clause 231 (German guilt) Germany sent a soldier to sign the Treaty He refused to sign it To say such a thing would be a lie. Reparations said France and Britain were trying to starve their children to death.
Refused to pay at first, but France and Britain invaded Germany (January 1921) What France Thought Clemenceau: liked the harsh things that were in the Treaty: Reparations (would repair the damage to France), The tiny German army, and the demilitarised zone in the Rhineland (would protect France), France got Alsace-Lorraine, and German
colonies. But he wanted the Treaty to be harsher. What Britain Thought Lloyd George: Many British people wanted to make Germany pay, but Lloyd George hated the Treaty. He liked: the fact that Britain got some German colonies, the small German navy (helped British seapower). But he thought that the Treaty was far too harsh.
What the United States Thought Wilson: Wilson got self-determination for the peoples of Eastern Europe, and a League of Nations, but he hated the Treaty: few of his Fourteen Points got into the Treaty, when Wilson went back to the United States, the Senate refused to join the League of Nations, and even refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles!
Long-Term Importance German anger would turn against Europe Who is this weeping child? What will become of this weeping child in the future?
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