Welcome to Winter Operations Brought to by the

Welcome to Winter Operations Brought to by the

Welcome to Winter Operations Brought to by the FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) Jeff Wasileski/Jim Leavitt Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 1 Winter Operations

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 2 The FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) Albany, NY FSDO Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com

Federal Aviation Administration 3 Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 4 Winter Operations

Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 5 A careful inspection may reveal an accumulation of snow Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation

Administration 6 THE AIRCRAFT The first step is to review the aircraft's pilot operating handbook (POH) or flight manual. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration

7 THE AIRCRAFT Each aircraft's operating manual lists those things that owners need to be aware of. For example, the type of oil, the viscosity of the oil and grease is specified. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration

8 THE AIRCRAFT Along with the dangers of flying with frost and snow on the aircraft, the manual may talk about the care of the aircraft's battery and electrical system Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration

9 THE AIRCRAFT STARTING YOUR ENGINE Recommended cold weather starting techniques need to be reviewed and practiced. More than one pilot has learned on a cold winter morning, weak batteries don't work well in the cold. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation

Administration 10 ICE Ice can lock or jam your flight controls. If the aircraft has been exposed to ice or snow, make sure the flight controls have not frozen or been jammed. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation

Administration 11 ICE The same applies if you de-ice your aircraft or move the aircraft in or out of a warm hanger if the aircraft has been covered with snow, ice, or frost. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation

Administration 12 ICE Be aware of the danger any time you have a chance of liquid water and a below freezing aircraft coming into contact Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration

13 RESOURCES Another valuable winter resource is the person who maintains your aircraft. Your FAA certificated mechanic is an excellent source of winter data. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration

14 RESOURCES However, it does pay to ask if he or she has ever lived or worked in cold country. Clearly, someone who has spent his or her whole career in Miami may not be the most knowledgeable about flight operations in Maine. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com

Federal Aviation Administration 15 HEATING It is important that the heating system be inspected for proper operation before it's used. Unless you are flying a turbojet aircraft that uses bleed air from the engine for heating, Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com

Federal Aviation Administration 16 HEATING You probably have either the old exhaust heater shroud on the muffler system or one of the fuel-burning, self-contained heaters. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation

Administration 17 HEATING Each has unique risks. If your heater is the shroud type system and if the exhaust pipe the shroud goes around has any holes in it, deadly carbon monoxide and other exhaust gases may enter your cabin area. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com

Federal Aviation Administration 18 HEATING More than one pilot has died from carbon monoxide related incapacitation. Many more have been able to recognize their own deterioration and shut off the cabin heater, open a window, and land safely. Winter Operations

Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 19 HEATING Regardless of the type of heating system aboard your aircraft. The key to its safe operation is your knowledge of how it functions. Ensuring that it is safe to operate.

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 20 PREFLIGHT An interesting preflight item that can be very difficult to check is water in the fuel system. Although water in a fuel line can freeze at altitude and block fuel flow, a more insidious problem is water freezing in a fuel tank.

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 21 PREFLIGHT Think of the amount of water possible in your tank. In the winter, you now have a large ice cube in your tank. Since it is frozen solid, any fuel in the tank will

check clear of water. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 22 PREFLIGHT Then when you fly into an area above freezing, your flying ice cube melts, and you have water in your fuel.

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 23 PREFLIGHT Engines don't like water. They don't run too well on H2O, either. So, if your aircraft has been out in the weather, check it carefully.

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 24 THE PILOT The proper care of your aircraft is important. No one argues with the role the aircraft plays in flight. However, the aircraft, being a machine, is fairly

predictable. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 25 THE PILOT Put the right stuff in it, make the proper adjustments, and it will fly. The same is not true of the pilot.

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 26 THE PILOT The problem is the pilot. Bad decision making and failure to properly control the aircraft are important risk factors for aircraft.

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 27 Weather Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com

Federal Aviation Administration 28 WEATHER BRIEFS More than one accident has been caused by pilots who have run their aircraft off a snow-covered runway or hit a snow bank or flew into a snowy whiteout and lost control. The need for good weather briefs during the winter season is very important to help pilots avoid making bad weather related decisions. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com

Federal Aviation Administration 29 WINTER FLYING CAN ADVERSLEY AFFECT FLIGHT OPERATIONS

Fast moving fronts Strong and gusty winds Blowing and drifting snow Icing Conditions Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 30 WEATHER AND YOU

One of the facts of winter life is the lack of daylight. Cold, long, dark nights, Add the possibility of blowing snow Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 31 WEATHER AND YOU Dreaded whiteouts are all good reasons to be

qualified and current for the intended flight. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 32 WEATHER AND YOU Add in the risk of cold and hypothermia to anyone forced down in the snow and you can begin to see the many dangers winter poses for

the unprepared. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 33 WEATHER AND YOU So you don't have to have an accident to be cold and miserable, you can find yourself in that situation after a safe flight-if you have not

done your homework and a little prior planning. Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 34 WEATHER AND YOU That includes landing safely at a remote airfield and finding the FBO closed and the fuel pumps locked and no one within miles to help you.

Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 35 How many fatal accidents have resulted because a pilot attempted to land in weather conditions that exceeded their ability?

he sad reality, in most of those accidents, is that withi few minutes flying time better weather was available or during a short time in a holding pattern the weather would have improved Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 36

REMEMBER.. Please be careful out there! Winter Operations Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 37 QUESTIONS? Winter Operations

Downloaded from www.avhf.com Federal Aviation Administration 38

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