Some Expectations: Continue to develop your skills in

Some Expectations:  Continue to develop your skills in

Some Expectations: Continue to develop your skills in observation of the illustrations in picture books All picture book reflections should include comments about the art, style, medium, design and how they connect to the literary elements of plot, theme, tone, voice and writing style Consider the standards for evaluating the genre of the novels you read as well as the plot, theme, tone, voice and writing style-you may have to use the childrens literature textbooks in the CRC Use the reflections you submit as opportunities to develop your skills as a writer. Find resources for improving you writing style and technical abilities. Use the studies in various genre as an opportunity to expand your own reading horizons Use the journal entries to record your personal reader-responses to literature. Your

thoughts about the books you share with your future students will in large part determine their willingness to broaden their own reading experiences. Biographies and Life Stories Complete life story, primary sources, excellent documentation of photographs Limited to one aspect of his life 12.2 x 0.4 x 18 inches What does the size of the book indicate?

Note the illustrations. What do they tell you about the authors opinion of the subject? Unattributed direct quotes Biography, form of literature, commonly considered nonfictional, the subject of which is the life of an individual. One of the oldest forms of literary expression, it seeks to recreate in words the life of a human beingas understood from the historical or personal perspective of the authorby drawing upon all available evidence, including that retained in memory as well as written, oral, and pictorial material.

Autobiography, the biography of oneself narrated by oneself. Autobiographical works can take many forms, from the intimate writings made during life that were not necessarily intended for publication (including letters, diaries, journals, memoirs, and reminiscences) to a formal book-length autobiography. Memoir, history or record composed from personal observation and experience. Closely related to, and often confused with, autobiography, a memoir usually differs chiefly in the degree of emphasis placed on external events; whereas writers of autobiography are concerned primarily with themselves as subject matter Are they complete life stories? Are they accurate? This fictionalized account of

Tubman's childhood on a Maryland. PW review The authors use clear and plentiful illustrations, maps, and diagrams to explain the unfamiliar and extend knowledge. SLJ review Biography: Fictionalized biography The books in this category belong to biographical literature only by courtesy. Materials are freely invented, scenes and conversations are imagined; unlike the previous category, this class often depends almost entirely upon secondary sources and cursory

research. Its authors, well represented on the paperback shelves, have created a hybrid form designed to mate the appeal of the novel... Checklist for Selecting Biography Accuracy Does the biographer stick to the facts? (or invent dialogue or the subject's thoughts-when there is no evidence or record?) Is the biographer's portrayal supported by the subject's own writings, speeches, essays, letters? Are dates, names, and numbers accurate according to reliable reference sources? Social Details: Setting and Plot Are facts and story line integrated?

Are there connections between the social climate and the Individual's accomplishments? Is the social climate honestly portrayed? Does the plot revolve around authentic events? Portrayal of the Subject Is the subject's character well developed? Are stereotypes avoided? Is the person a worthy subject for a biography? Does the writer show strengths and weaknesses of subject? Are people surrounding the subject developed adequately? Is their influence accurately portrayed? Style

Is the writing style comprehensible and engaging? Are complex topics explained adequately without misleading attempts to oversimplify? Theme Is there a unifying theme? Does the writer characterize the subject's life? Does the writer make the subject memorable? Illustrations Do the illustrations enrich the interesting details? Do illustrations help visualize the time and place? Do the illustrations portrov- authentic scenes?

Some Considerations When Evaluating Picture Book Biographies Viki Ash andThom Barthelmess published an excellent article in Horn Book Magazine Nature Planting the Trees of Kenya: The Story of Wangari Maathai by Claire A. Nivola (Wangari Maathai, environmentalist/leader). See also Seeds of Change by Jen Culleron Johnson. Miss Ladybirds Wildflowers by Kathi Appelt and Joy Fisher Hein (Lady Bird Johnson, influential First Lady and champion of the Highway Beautification Act). For the Birds: The Life of Roger Tory Peterson by Peggy Thomas and Laura Jacques (Roger Tory Peterson, artist/naturalist and creator of the Peterson Field Guides). Snowflake Bentley by Jacqueline Briggs Martin and Mary Azarian (Wilson Bentley,

naturalist and photographer). Science Life in the Ocean: The Story of Oceanographer Sylvia Earle by Claire A. Nivola (Sylvia Earle, scientist). The Watcher: Jane Goodalls Life With the Chimps by Jeanette Winter (Jane Goodall, scientist). See also MeJane by Patrick McDonnell. The Dinosaurs of Waterhouse Hawkins: An Illuminating History of Mr. Waterhouse Hawkins, Artist and Lecturer by Barbara Kerley and Brian Selznick (Waterhouse Hawkins, sculptor and natural historian). Invention

Balloons Over Broadway: The True Story of the Puppeteer of Macys Parade by Melissa Sweet (Tony Sarg, puppeteer). The Day-Glo Brothers: The True Story of Bob and Joe Switzers Brights Ideas and BrandNew Colors by Chris Barton and Tony Persiani (Bob and Joe Switzer, inventors). Marvelous Mattie: How Margaret E. Knight Became an Inventor by Emily Arnold McCully (Margaret E. Knight, inventor). Justice Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman by Alan Schroeder and Jerry Pinkney (Harriet Tubman, civil rights leader). Sojourner Truths Step-Stomp Stride by Andrea Davis Pinkney and Brian Pinkney (Sojourner Truth, civil rights leader). For older kids, see also Only Passing Through: The Story of Sojourner Truth by Anne Rockwell and R. Gregory Christie.

Rosa by Nikki Giovanni and Bryan Collier (Rosa Parks, seamstress and civil rights leader). Elizabeth Leads the Way: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Right to Vote by Tanya Lee Stone and Rebecca Gibbon (Elizabeth Cady Stanton, womens rights leader). Presidents Abes Honest Words: The Life of Abraham Lincoln by Doreen Rappaport and Kadir Nelson (Abraham Lincoln, U.S. president). Teedie: The Story of the Young Teddy Roosevelt by Don Brown (Theodore Roosevelt, U.S. president). Sports Americas Champion Swimmer: Gertrude Ederle by David Adler and Terry Widener (Gertrude Ederle, swimmer).

Satchel Paige by Lesa Cline-Ransome and James E. Ransome (Satchel Paige, baseball player). Lou Gehrig: The Luckiest Man by David Adler and Terry Widener (Lou Gehrig, baseball player). Wilma Unlimited: How Wilma Rudolph Became the Fastest Woman by Kathleen Krull and David Diaz (Wilma Rudolf, runner). Tillie the Terrible Swede: How One Woman, a Sewing Needle and a Bicycle Changed History by Sue Stauffacher and Sarah McMenemy (Tillie Anderson, cyclist). Jim Thorpes Bright Path by Joseph Bruchac and S.D. Nelson (Jim Thorpe, decathlete). See also Jim Thorpe Bright Path by Don Brown. The Arts

Piano Starts Here: The Young Art Tatum by Robert A. Parker (Art Tatum, pianist) What Charlie Heard by Mordicai Gerstein (Charles Ives, composer) When Marian Sang: The True Recital of Marian Anderson by Pam Munoz Ryan and Brian Selznick (Marian Anderson, singer) Ella Fitzgerald: The Tale of a Vocal Virtuosa by Andrea Davis Pinkney and Brian Pinkney (Ella Fitzgerald, singer) A River of Words: The Story of William Carlos Williams by Jen Bryant and Melissa Sweet (William Carlos Williams, poet) Drawing From Memory by Allen Say (Allen Say, author/illustrator). Frida by Jonah Winter and Ana Juan (Frida Kahlo, painter) Alvin Ailey by Andrea Davis Pinkney and Brian Pinkney (Alvin Ailey, dancer)

Isolate some intriguing facts about some of the people in those books and make a bulletin board quiz out of it. For instance: 1. She hid in an attic and died in a prison camp. 2. She picked up a dead snake and thought it came to life. 3. When she was seven years old, her entire family was put into prison in America even though not one of them had done anything illegal. 4. He was one of many orphans put on a train and taken out into the country to be adopted by strangers. 5. He freed his own slaves and was responsible for freeing many others but he was not an abolitionist. 6. He was sent to the Arctic to stop wolves from slaughtering caribou but ended up loving the

wolves. Answers: 1. Anne Frank 2. Betsy Byars 3. Jeanne Houston 4. Lee Nailling 5. Ulysses S. Grant 6. Farley Mowat Youll need these books: Diary of Anne Frank, The Moon and I, Farewell to Manzanar, Orphan Train Rider, Unconditional Surrender, and Never Cry Wolf. (Booklist)

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