Multicultural Goals & Characteristics ED 294 Introduction to Multicultural Education Historical Development of Multicultural Education 1. Grew out of 1960s civil rights movement: African Americans then other groups demanded educational
institutes reform curricula to reflect their own history, culture an perspectives. 2. Ethnic groups pushed for community control of schools and for the revision of textbooks HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT Success of the civil rights movement stimulated other marginalized groups to take action. The
womens right movement emerged as one of the most significant social reform movements. Feminists pushed for the revision of textbooks to include more history about the important roles of women. Meaning of Culture Consists of shared beliefs, symbols, and interpretations within a human group. The intangible aspects of human societies. Not the tangible, artifacts and tools, but how
members of the group interpret, use and perceive them. People in a culture usually interpret the meaning of symbols, artifacts, and behaviors in a similar way. The Nature of Culture in the United States Macroculture: shared core culture Equality: all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Individualism & Individual Opportunity: rags to riches, pull yourself up by your bootstraps Expansionism: desire to conquer & exploit the
natural environment-the nations inherent superiority Nature of Culture in the United States Microculture: Unique institutions, values, and cultural elements shared primarily by a specific cultural group. Microcultures may have values that are alien to the national core macroculture. Some microcultures are more group oriented vs. individualistic Multiple Group Memberships 1. 2.
3. 4. 5. 6. Nationality Race/Ethnicity Religion Exceptionality Social Class Gender Multiple Group Memberships The more we know about a students
level of identification with a particular group and the extent in which socialization has taken place with that group, the more we can predict, and understand the students behavior. Social Categories (usually related to physical characteristics) Gender: gender role expectations vary across cultures and social class
Sexual Orientation: Recognition is important for social equality Race: Characteristics of a particular race vary across cultures ie; money lightens. Social Class: Variables in income, education, occupation, life-style indicates social class status. Exceptionality: Whether a person is considered disabled or gifted is determined by criteria developed by society Dimensions of Multicultural
Education Content Integration: using examples from a variety of cultures and groups into subject areas Knowledge of how we Construct Knowledge: the extent to which teachers help students understand and determine how perspectives and biases influence how we construct knowledge. Prejudice Reduction: lessons and activities teachers use to help students develop positive attitudes towards different racial, ethnic, and cultural groups Equity Pedagogy: How teachers modify their teach to facilitate the academic achievement of students from diverse racial, cultural, gender, and social class groups Empowering School Culture: Restructuring grouping &
labeling . Interaction of staff and students across racial lines. Reforming School Social Systems
Policy and Politics Culture and Hidden Curriculum Learning Styles of the School Languages and Dialects Community participation & Input Counseling Assessment and Testing Instructional Materials Teaching Styles School Staff: attitudes, perceptions, beliefs, and actions
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