Mind Stretcher - Monday Nov. 7

Mind Stretcher - Monday Nov. 7

Mind Stretcher 11-9-16 Write one sentence that uses the following 3 key terms: Prokaryote, nucleus and eukaryote EX: Eukarotic cells have DNA contained in a nucleus, while prokaryotic cells have DNA that floats freely in the cell.

Color the Cell parts & Label them!! Cell Wall- dark green Cell Membrane- Orange Cytoplasm- yellow Nucleus- purple Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)- red (label both smooth & rough ER) Golgi Body- brown Ribosomes- black

Chloroplast- light green Mitochondria- dark blue Lysosome- light blue Vacuole- red/orange (large one in plant cell) Cell Booklet Setup On the inside of the first page, cut and paste the round animal cell. Write ANIMAL CELL as the title on p.1

On Page 2, cut and paste the rectangular plant cell. Write PLANT CELL as the title on p. 2 Write your first and last name on the front cover and give it a title! You may use colored pencils!

Keep the other half of the sheets in your NB!!These Cell Books will STAY in CLASS!! Mind Stretcher 11/14 1. What types of cells differentiate to become specialized? (have specific jobs) a. b. c.

Cells of multi-cellular organisms Prokaryotic cells Cells of unicellular organisms 2. Which of the following would you NOT find in a bacteria cell? a. b. c.

DNA Nucleus Cytoplasm Video Clip Intro- Biology: Cell Structure https://youtu.be/URUJD5NEXC8 Discovering the Cell- Notes on Organizer Each day we will focus on a few organelles and

take notes on this organizer: Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm & Nucleus Then you will use that information and transfer it to your Cell Booklets (these stay in class!) Study your notes EVERY nightYou will have more info added each day! Ch. 3-2 QUIZ over organelles is THURSDAY!!! No retakes! Did You Know?

We are made up of microscopic living things called: CELLS There are Approximately 100 TRILLION cells in the Human Body. 100 Trillion The Organelles Cells are made up of different parts called organelles and each one has a specific function! The Organelles:

Nucleus Mitochondria Cytoplasm Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Golgi Bodies (Apparatus) Vacuoles Lysosomes Cell Membrane Cell Wall Chloroplast

Cell Membrane Function- To protect the cell and allow things IN and OUT. Analogy- A Cell Membrane is like a FENCE. Found- Animal & Plant Cells https://youtu.be/LKN5sq5dtW4 Cytoplasm Function- Gel-like fluid found all throughout the cell; All other organelles are suspended (floating) in it.

Analogy- The Cytoplasm is like Jell-O, constantly moving & swishing around Found- Plant & Animal Cells Cytoplasm Means Cyto = Cells Plasm= Shape Cyto + Plasm = Cell Shape FYI: Cytoplasm Cytoplasm is basically the thick gel like substance that fills the cell sometimes called cytosol.

It helps move materials around the cell. It contains enzymes, fatty acids, sugars, and amino acids that are used to keep the cell working. The Nucleus Function- DNA (our genes) is found here. It directs the cells activities and houses the nucleolus. (Tells all the other parts what to do! ) Analogy- Acts like the Brain

Found- Animal & Plant Cells Nucleolus Found INSIDE the Nucleus! Cell Booklet Today-11/14 Top of page 3, label the organelle: Cell Membrane Bottom organelle on p. 3: Cytoplasm Label top of p. 4: Nucleus Use your notes and textbook to complete the function for

each. Draw a picture of each on the animal and plant cell on pages 1 & 2 AND in the rounded square boxes on p. 3 & 4 Create your OWN analogy for each using example below: Analogy: The (insert organelle) is like a ( the (organelle)&(function) just like the ( ) because ) does.. Ex: The cell membrane is like a fence because a cell

membrane lets things in and out of a cell just like a fence lets things in and out of a yard. These Cell Books will STAY in CLASS!! Mind Stretcher Copy bold 1. Which organelle is large in plants and stores water and other materials? Vacuole

2. Which organelle digests food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invaders? Lysosome 3. Which organelle hooks amino acids together to make proteins? Ribosome s

AC Analogy Explanations Analogy: The (insert organelle) is like a( ) because the (organelle)&(function) just like the ( ) does.. Ex: The cell membrane is like a fence because a cell membrane lets things in and out of a cell just like a fence lets things inComplete

and out of a cell. TUESDAYCytoplasm, (on back of Cell Wall) Mitochondria, and Chloroplast!! Discovering the Cell- Notes on Organizer Each day we will focus on a few organelles and take notes on this organizer: Mitochondria, Ribosome, ER

Then you will use that information and transfer it to your Cell Booklets (these stay in class!) Study your notes EVERY nightYou will have more info added each day! Ch. 3-2 QUIZ over organelles is THURSDAY!!! No retakes! Mitochondria Function- Performs respiration which breaks down sugar to produce energy! (In

the form of ATP) Analogy- Power plant of the Cell Found- Animal & Plant Cells FYI: Mitochondria They are very small and cells may contain several thousand of them. It all depends on the cells needs. If the cell feels it is not getting enough energy, than more can be created. Food such as glucose (sugar) is broken down into carbon dioxide and water which releases energy. (Cellular Respiration!)

We breathe in oxygen to help this process. Where are the Mitochondria?? What does it look like on the inside? Ribosomes Function- Makes protein out of amino acid. All cells need protein to function! Analogy- Ribosomes are like a Protein Factory

Found- Animal & Plant Cells Where are Ribosomes located? Endoplasmic Reticulum Function- Carry/delivers proteins and other cell materials from one part of cell to another. Two Types- Smooth ER and Rough ER Rough E.R. has Ribosomes Smooth E.R. does NOT have Ribosomes! Analogy- Like Roadways/Highways

Found- Animal & Plant Cells Where is the Endoplasmic Reticulum? Rough E.R.? Smooth E.R? Cell Booklet Today-11/15 Bottom organelle on p. 4: Mitochondria Label top of p. 5: Ribosome Bottom organelle on p. 5: Endoplasmic Reticulum Use your notes and textbook to complete the function for

each. Draw a picture of each in the rounded square boxes & draw/label on both cells on p. 1 & 2 Create your OWN analogy for each using example below: Analogy: The (insert organelle) is like a ( the (organelle)&(function) just like the ( ) because ) does..

Ex: The cell membrane is like a fence because a cell membrane lets things in and out of a cell just like a fence lets things Cell in andBooks out of a cell. These will STAY in Mind Stretcher Copy bold 1. Which organelle is large in plants and

stores water and other materials?Vacuol e 2. Which organelle digests food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invaders? Lysosom e 3. Which organelle hooks amino acids

together to make proteins? Ribosomes Discovering the Cell- Notes on Organizer Each day we will focus on a few organelles and take notes on this organizer: Golgi Body, Vacuole, Lysosome Then you will use that information and transfer it

to your Cell Booklets (these stay in class!) Study your notes EVERY nightYou will have more info added each day! Ch. 3-2 QUIZ over organelles is THURSDAY!!! No retakes! Golgi Bodies/Golgi Apparatus: Function- Recieves Proteins (mail) from the E.R., Packages them (puts it in envelope) then Distributes them to other parts of cell (Mailman)

Analogy- Like Post office Found- Plant & Animal Cells Where are Golgi Bodies??? Vacuoles Function- Stores food and water; Largest are found in plant cells and smallest in animal cells. Analogy- Like a Storage Container

Found- Plant & Animal Cells Where is the Vacuole? Some animal cells have vacuoles while others dont!! Lysosomes Function- Break down old cell parts & release them for recycling Analogy- Like the Janitors of the Cell Found- Plant & Animal Cells

Cell Booklet Today-11/16 Label top of p. 6: Golgi Body/Golgi Complex Bottom organelle on p. 6: Vacuole Top of p. 7: Lysosome Use your notes and textbook to complete the function for each. Draw a picture of each in the rounded square boxes Create your OWN analogy for each using example below: Analogy: The (insert organelle) is like a (

the (organelle)&(function) just like the ( ) because ) does.. Ex: The cell membrane is like a fence because a cell membrane lets things in and out of a cell just like a fence lets things in and out of a cell. Mind Stretcher Copy underlined 1. Which organelle breaks down food

molecules to make ATP? Mitochondri a 2. Which organelle uses the energy of sunlight to make food?Chloroplas t 3. Which organelle packages and distributes proteins and other Golgi Body materials out of the cell? Discovering the Cell- Notes on

Organizer Each day we will focus on a few organelles and take notes on this organizer: Chloroplast, Cell Wall Then you will use that information and transfer it to your Cell Booklets (these stay in class!) Study your notes EVERY nightYou will have more info added each day! Ch. 3-2 QUIZ over organelles is THURSDAY!!!

No retakes! But WaitTheres More! A plant cell has two more organelles that animal cells dont! Chloroplast Function- Makes food for the cell through Photosynthesis Chlorophyll is a green pigment inside the chloroplast that traps the sunlight needed and gives plants their green color.

Analogy- Like a Restaurant/Chef Found- Plant Cells Cell Wall Function- Rigid, cellulose structure that gives support to a cell. Although made of different materials algae, fungi, bacteria, and archaea also have cell walls. Analogy- Like a brick wall surrounding a

building! Found- Plant Cells AC Analogy Explanations Analogy: The (insert organelle) is like a( ) because the (organelle)&(function) just like the ( ) does.. Ex: The cell membrane is like a fence

because a cell membrane lets things in and out of a cell just like a fence lets MONDAYComplete (on back of coloring things in and out Nucleus, of a cell. page) Cell Wall/Cell Membrane!! Cell Booklet Today-11/17

Bottom organelle on p. 7: Chloroplast Label top of p. 8: Cell Wall Leave bottom of p. 8 BLANK Use your notes and textbook to complete the function for each. Draw a picture of each in the rounded square boxes Create your OWN analogy for each using example below: Analogy: The (insert organelle) is like a ( the (organelle)&(function) just like the (

) because ) does.. Ex: The cell membrane is like a fence because a cell membrane lets things in and out of a cell just like a fence lets things in and out of a cell. Mind Stretcher 1. What types of cells differentiate to become specialized? a. Cells of multi-cellular organisms b. Prokaryotic cells

c. Cells of unicellular organisms 2. What would most likely happen if a cells mitochondria were not functioning properly? a. b. c. The cells would use lysosomes to release energy The cells level of ATP would decrease. The cells level of sugar would decrease.

3. Which of the following would you NOT find in a bacteria cell? a. b. c. DNA Nucleus Cytoplasm

Who am I? Mind Stretcher- Copy Found only in plant cells, I'm green as can be. I make food for the plant Using the sun's energy Who am I? Answer on back of page: __________________ Chloroplast Mind Stretcher 1. What does semi-permeable mean? What

organelle is semi-permeable? Lets only SOME things pass through; Cell membrane 2. Name an organelle that plants have but animals do not. Chloroplasts, Cell Wall, Large Vacuoles 3. What are the cell walls of plants made of? Cellulose

Ticket Out the Door: On an index card, explain which organelle you think is the most important and defend your answer. *Write your name & class period and turn it in the tray when you are dismissed!

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