The metric system, science, and you! In science class, we will be using the Metric System. The metric system is a system of measurement that is used by scientists all over the world.

The metric system is simpler and easier to use and understand than traditional measurement systems Most countries only use the metric system. In the United States, we use the English or Standard measurement System. There are different metric units depending on what we want to measure: Meter (m): Length Liter (l): Volume Gram (g): Mass

Celsius (C): Temperature These are called base units! English vs. Metric Units Which is longer? A. 1 mile or 1 kilometer B. 1 yard or 1 meter C. 1 inch or 1 centimeter 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters 1

mile 1.6 kilometers 1 yard = 0.9444 meters Left Image: http://webapps.lsa.umich.edu/physics/demolab/controls/imagedemosm.aspx?picid=1167 Right Image: http://share.lancealan.com/N800%20ruler.jpg

When you add a prefix to a base unit you change its value. Kilo- = 1000 Hecta- = 100 Deca- = 10 Deci- = .1 (1/10) Centi- = .01 (1/100) Milli- = .001 (1/1000) Length/Distance

The basic unit of length in the metric system in the meter and is represented by a lowercase m. Standard: The distance traveled by light in absolute vacuum in 1299,792,458 of a second. Metric Units 1 Kilometer (km) = 1000 meters 1 Meter = 100 Centimeters (cm) Click the image to watch a short video about the meter. 1 Meter = 1000 Millimeters (mm) Which is larger? A. 1 meter or 105 centimeters

C. 12 centimeters or 102 millimeters B. 4 kilometers or 4400 meters D. 1200 millimeters or 1 meter Measuring Length To measure length, we use a ruler. How many millimeters are in 1 centimeter? 1 centimeter = 10 millimeters What is the length of the line in centimeters? _______cm What is the length of the line in millimeters? _______mm

What is the length of the line to the nearest centimeter? ________cm HINT: Round to the nearest centimeter no decimals. Ruler: http://www.k12math.com/math-concepts/measurement/ruler-cm.jpg Mass Mass refers to the amount of matter in an object. The base unit of mass in the metric system in the kilogram and is represented by kg. Standard: 1 kilogram is equal to the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram (IPK), a platinumiridium cylinder kept by the BIPM at Svres, France. Metric Units 1 Kilogram (km) = 1000 Grams (g) Kilogram Prototype

Click the image to watch a short video about mass. 1 Gram (g) = 1000 Milligrams (mg) Which is larger? A. 1 kilogram or 1500 grams C. 12 milligrams or 12 kilograms B. 1200 milligrams or 1 gram D. 4 kilograms or 4500 grams Kilogram Prototype Image - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilogram

English vs. Metric Units Which is larger? 1. 1 Pound or 100 Grams 2. 1 Kilogram or 1 Pound 1 pound = 453.6 grams 3. 1 Ounce or 1000 Milligrams 1 ounce of gold = 28,349.5 milligrams

100 kilogram = 220 pounds Measuring Mass We will be using triple-beam balances to find the mass of various objects. The objects are placed on the scale and then you move the weights on the beams until you get the lines on the right-side of the scale to match up. Once you have balanced the scale, you add

up the amounts on each beam to find the total mass. What would be the mass of the object measured in the picture? _______ + ______ + _______ = ________ g Top Image: http://www.southwestscales.com/Ohaus_Triple_Beam_750-SO.jpg Bottom Image: http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/biology/units/laboratory/graphics/ Measuring Mass Triple-Beam Balance 1st Place the film canister on the scale. 2nd Slide the large weight to the right until the arm drops below the line. Move the rider back one groove. Make sure it locks into place. 3rd Repeat this process with the top weight.

When the arm moves below the line, back it up one groove. 4th Slide the small weight on the front beam until the lines match up. 5th Add the amounts on each beam to find the total mass to the nearest tenth of a gram. Click here to try an online English vs. Metric Units Which is larger? A. 1 liter or 1 gallon

B. 1 liter or 1 quart C. 1 milliliter or 1 fluid ounce 1 gallon = 3.79 liters It would take approximately 3 1-liter bottles to equal a gallon. 1 fl oz = 29.573 ml1 12-oz can of soda would equal approximately 355 ml.

1 quart = 0.946 liters Volume Volume is the amount of space an object takes up. The base unit of volume in the metric system in the liter and is represented by L or l. Standard: 1 liter is equal to one cubic decimeter Metric Units 1 liter (L) = 1000 milliliters (mL) 1 milliliter (mL) = 1 cm3 (or cc) = 1 gram* Which is larger? A. 1 liter or 1500 milliliters

Click the image to watch a short video about volume. B. 200 milliliters or 1.2 liters C. 12 cm3 or 1.2 milliliters* * When referring to water Liter Image: http://www.dmturner.org/Teacher/Pictures/liter.gif Measuring Volume Read the measurement based on the bottom of the meniscus or curve. When using a real cylinder, make sure you are eye-level with the level of the water.

What is the volume of water in the cylinder? _____mL What causes the meniscus? A concave meniscus occurs when the molecules of the liquid attract those of the container. The glass attracts the water on the sides. Top Image: http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/resources/online/2006/grade8/science/images/ 20graphicaa.gif What is the volume of water in each cylinder? Pay attention to the scales for each cylinder.

Images created at http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/primaryframework/downloads/SWF/measuring_cylinder.swf Measuring Liquid Volume Sometimes we need to convert cm to meters or meter to kilometers. How do we do that? 3000 km 300 hm

30dkm Convert 3m to Km 3m 5m .5dm .05cm Convert 5m to mm .00

5m m 7000 km 700h 70dk m m 5m 450km 45hm

4.5 dkm 4.5m Convert 5m to mm 65m 6.5dm .65cm .065mm

The slide show was adapted from the following sources: Science Spot http://www.sciencespot.net/Media/ metric_Length.ppt http://www.sciencespot.net/Media/ metric_Mass.ppt http://www.sciencespot.net/Media/ metric_Volume.ppt http://www.sciencespot.net/Media/ metric_metconv.ppt