Making Inferences - Socorro Independent School District
Making Inferences Inference A reasonable guess about meaning. Reading between the lines to discover the authors meaning. What I learned (read) + What I already know = My inference In other words, an inference is an educated guess. What you think based on what you know/have learned/have observed. Lets do some real world examplesthen we will apply our understanding of inference to something we have read. The classroom is quiet. Suddenly, the girl next to you shivers
and slides on her jacket and then rubs her hands together before continuing with her assignment. What can you infer from this statement? --its cold in the classroom --its winter time --she is in Mrs. Henrys class :-) Why? --The classroom is quiet. --the girl shivers and puts on her jacket --the girl rubs her hands together --your experience (indirect evidence) Another example-- Its about 6 pm and you hear noise in the kitchen. In the kitchen you find your grandma standing over a pot of boiling water. Into that water she is dropping long, thin pasta. In another pot, you see red tomato saucethe aroma is makin your mouth water!
What can you infer? --grandma is cooking --grandma is making spaghetti --grandma is making spaghetti for dinner How do you know? --it is around dinner time --boiling water/pasta --red tomato sauce --your experience (indirect evidence) Now for a more academic example . . . . Lets read the VERY short story Spite by Sam Silva Then we will answer a few questions that require using inference to answer.
Why is the title an appropriate one for this story? appropriate adjective 1 suitable or fitting for a particular purpose, person, occasion, etc.: . an appropriate example; an appropriate dress. spite noun 1 a malicious, usually petty, desire to harm, annoy, frustrate, or . humiliate another person; bitter ill will; malice. 2 a particular instance of such an . attitude or action; grudge. Definitions supplied by dictionary.com
Hint: The word why tells you that it is already assumed that the title IS appropriate Lets answer the question!!! Next question . . . Is Seth a religious person? This seems to be a yes/no question . . . Explain your inference. Where in the story did I get the idea that Seth was/was not religious? Wheres my proof? Wheres my EVIDENCE? Lets answer the question!!!
Try the next question on your own . . . (its also a yes/no question!) and then explain your answer. Last question: What do you think the mother meant by games with string? When you are asked questions that begin What do you thinkit is to be assumed that you are EXPECTED to support your thoughts And interpretations with proof/EVIDENCE from a source (in this case the story) What we have done in this small assignment is answer open-ended type question much like the types of questions posed on your state exams! Look at these: What is the major conflict in Around the River-bend? Be sure to support your answer with evidence from the text.
ow did the little boy change from the beginning of the story to he end in The Friendship? Be sure to support your answer with evidence om the text. hy was Florence Nightingale's family so opposed to her becoming a nurse? e sure to support your answer with evidence om the text. Open-ended questions REQUIRE proof/EVIDENCE! The 4 Is for O.E.Q.s (Open Ended-Questions) Idea
Insert Interpret Insight
What is my answer to this question? Evidence from the text that supports my answer to the question. This evidence shows that . . . Clarify how the evidence supports the answer. What can we infer that the author is saying about life or the situation? The Bigger Picture
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