Just War Theory

Just War Theory

Just War Theory Dialogue Education Update 4 Fling the Teacher Click on the image above for a game of Fling the Teacher.

Try playing the game with your students at the start and the end of the unit. Make sure you have started the slide show and are connected to the internet. 2 Kahoot- Just War Theory 3

Just War theory is a doctrine of military ethics of Roman philosophical and Catholic origin studied by moral theologians, ethicists and international policy makers which holds that a conflict can and ought to meet certain conditions. History Most recently, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, in

paragraph 2309, lists four strict conditions for "legitimate defence by military force": the damage inflicted by the aggressor on the nation or community of nations must be lasting, grave, and certain; all other means of putting an end to it must have been shown to be impractical or ineffective; there must be serious prospects of success; the use of arms must not produce evils and disorders graver than the evil to be eliminated. The power of modern means of

destruction weighs very heavily in evaluating this condition. Just War Theory Secular humanists may accept just war theory based on universal ethics without reference to Christian morality.

Just War Theory Just War theories are attempts "to distinguish between justifiable and unjustifiable uses of organized armed forces"

Just War Theory The idea that resorting to war can only be just under certain conditions goes back at least to Cicero. YOUTUBE Video Christianity: A History | Just War | Channel 4

Click on the image to the right. You will need to be connected to the internet to view this presentation. Enlarge to full screen

Just War Theory The Just War tradition addresses the morality of the use of force in two parts: when it is right to resort to armed force (the concern of jus ad bellum) and what is acceptable in using such

force (the concern of jus in bello). YOUTUBE Video Battlefields of Europe Click on the image to the right. You will need to be connected to the

internet to view this presentation. Enlarge to full screen Criteria of Just War theory Just War Theory has two sets of criteria. The first establishing jus ad bellum, the right to go to war; the second establishing

jus in bello, right conduct within war. YOUTUBE Video Chomsky-Just War Theory and Iraq at West Point-pt1of7 Click on the image to the right. You will need to be connected to the

internet to view this presentation. Enlarge to full screen Jus ad bellum Just cause - The reason for going to war needs to be just and cannot therefore be solely for recapturing

things taken or punishing people who have done wrong; innocent life must be in imminent danger and intervention must be to protect life. Jus ad bellum Comparative justice - While there may be rights and

wrongs on all sides of a conflict, to override the presumption against the use of force, the injustice suffered by one party must significantly outweigh that suffered by the other. Jus ad bellum

Legitimate authority - Only duly constituted public authorities may wage war. Jus ad bellum Right intention - Force may be used only in a truly just cause and solely for that purpose correcting a suffered wrong is considered a right intention, while material gain or maintaining economies is not.

Jus ad bellum Probability of success - Arms may not be used in a futile cause or in a case where disproportionate measures are

required to achieve success. Jus ad bellum Last resort - Force may be used only after all peaceful and viable alternatives have been seriously tried and exhausted or are clearly not practical.

Jus ad bellum Proportionality - The anticipated benefits of waging a war must be proportionate to its expected evils or harms.

Jus in bello- (How should combatants act?) Once war has begun, just war theory also directs how combatants are to act. Jus in bello Distinction - Just war conduct should be

governed by the principle of distinction. Jus in bello Proportionality - Just war conduct should be governed by the principle of proportionality.

Jus in bello Military necessity Just war conduct should be governed by the principle of minimum force. According to the Pope John Paul II, however,

the Iraq war was clearly not a just one. The just war tradition and the Iraq War In the run up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the question of whether the invasion would be a just war was posed.

YOUTUBE Video The Six Day War Click on the image to the right. You will need to be connected to the internet to view this presentation.

Enlarge to full screen Bibliography

Heindel, Max, The Rosicrucian Philosophy in Questions and Answers - Volume II (The Philosophy of War, World War I reference, ed. 1918), ISBN 0-911274-90-1 (Describing a

philosophy of war and just war concepts from a Rosicrucian point of view) Benson, Richard, (The Just War Theory: A traditional Catholic moral view), The Tidings (2006). (Showing the Catholic view in three points, including John Paul II's position concerning war) Michael Walzer Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, 4th ed., (New York: Basic Books, 1977). ISBN 0-465-03707-0. Uwe Steinhoff, On the Ethics of War and Terrorism (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007). Covers the basics and some of the most controversial current debates. David Roberts MacDonald, Padre E. C. Crosse and 'the Devonshire Epitaph': The Astonishing Story of One Man at the Battle of the Somme (with Antecedents to Today's 'Just War'

Dialogue), 2007 Cloverdale Books, South Bend. ISBN 978-1-929569-45-8 Irfan Khawaja, Review of Larry May, War Crimes and Just War, in Democratiya 10, an extended critique of just war theory. Michael W. Brough, John W. Lango, Harry van der Linden, eds., Rethinking the Just War Tradition (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2007). Disccusses the contemporary relevance of just war theory. Offers an annotated bibliography of current writings on just war theory. v. Starck, Christian (Hrsg.): Kann es heute noch gerechte Kriege geben?, Wallstein-Verlag 2008

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