Interpersonal Therapy - University of Florida

Interpersonal Therapy - University of Florida

Interpersonal Therapy Laura Williams PSY 4930 Nov. 1, 2005 Interpersonal Theory Focus on the importance of interpersonal relationships in determining behavior and psychopathology

Harry Sullivan, Adolf Meyer (1950s) Sullivan (1940): personality is: the relatively enduring pattern of recurrent interpersonal situations which characterize a human life (p. xi) Interpersonal Theory Although childhood experiences are important, IPT regards current relationships

as more important Family systems theories are also based on IPT Family relationships are interdepedent Family systems tend to maintain a certain structure or homeostasis Interpersonal Theory IPT does not necessarily assert that psychopathology

arises from impaired relationships But, problems are manifested in these relationships Research has supported this idea Individuals with depression have less supportive relationships Individuals with other problems (e.g., alcohol abuse) more frequently have marital difficulties Risk of relapse in depression and schizophrenia increases when patients live with critical, negative family members

Interpersonal Therapy Originally developed by Klerman & Weissman for treatment of depression Therapist must actively gather information about a patients interpersonal interactions and relationships Usually brief in length Educate patient about nature of depression

Interpersonal Therapy Major goal of treatment= change interpersonal functioning by encouraging: More effective communication Emotional expression Increased understanding of behavior in interpersonal settings IPT assumes that by improving relationships,

symptoms and the patients life in general will improve A Case Example

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