Headquarters Air Combat Command AFAUX/CAP SPECTRUM OPERATIONS Robert A Hergenrader ACC/A6OF DSN 574-3644 This Briefing is: UNCLASSIFIED Briefing Intent Provide awareness of spectrum management that is related to Civil Air Patrol operations & Contingencies. Provide essential knowledge and guidance to the CAP in
order to understand spectrum responsibilities. Apply manuals and reference materials, equipment certification. Format a complete and accurate 5-Year Review, New proposal using The Standard Frequency Action Format (SFAF) or ACC frequency request form. Overview
Spectrum Management (What & Why?) Spectrum Supportability Process Frequency Authorization Process Software and References SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT What & Why? What is Spectrum Management? DoD Dictionary of Military and Associated terms , June 2017 Planning, Coordinating, and Managing Joint use of the Electromagnetic Spectrum through OPERATIONAL, ENGINEERING, and ADMINISTRATIVE procedures (Joint Pub) JP 6-01 Why Spectrum Management?
To effectively and efficiently manage DoDs use of the spectrum during the frequency allocation, allotment and assignment processes An assignment is the AUTHORITY to use a radio frequency (aka license, RFA) Provides direct operational support to electromagnetic battlespace planning, de-confliction and spectrum interference resolution Spectrum Hierarchy
As of : 9/6/17 The Radio Spectrum Band Reallocation M1755-M1850 SPECTRUM SUPPORTABILITY Spectrum Supportability Spectrum Supportability is defined as the assessment as to whether the electromagnetic spectrum necessary to support equipment is available for use by the system. The assessment requires, at a minimum, receipt of equipment spectrum certification, reasonable assurance of the availability of sufficient frequencies for operation from host nations, and a consideration of Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC). Guidance for these requirements is found in DoDI 4650.01.
WHY?? To provide warfighters with spectrum-dependent equipment able to operate in its intended environment, Without spectrum related limitations (power, bandwidth, location, etc.) Without suffering (or causing) harmful interference or disastrous interactions with the electromagnetic environment; and With systems used by our Allies and Coalition Partners Spectrum Supportability Process CONTRACTOR (Generate DD Form 1494) MCEB ESG PWG (Comment)
PROGRAM OFFICE (Submit DD Form 1494 and Releasable DD Form 1494 Data for HN Coordination) (J/F 12) USER UNIT (Initiates Frequency Assignment Request) MILDEP SMO (Review and Submit) JSC CCEB MEMBER NATIONS
(Comment) MCEB ESG PWG (Approves and Signs Guidance and Notes-to-Holders) JSC (Distribute MCEB Guidance and Notesto-Holders) As Required MILDEP SMO (Appropriate Action) - Combined CommunicationsElectronics Board COCOM - Combatant Commands ESG PWG - Equipment Spectrum Guidance Permanent Working Group
HN - Host Nation IRAC - Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee JFP - Joint Frequency Panel JSC - Joint Spectrum Center NTIA - National Telecommunications and Information Administration SCS - Spectrum Certification System SPS - Spectrum Planning Subcommittee MILDEP SMO - Military Department Spectrum Management Office (e.g., US Army Spectrum Management Office,
Navy & Marine Corps Spectrum Center, AF Frequency Mgt Agency) 13 Spectrum Certification Hierarchy Govt Sponsor (Requestor) Program Office / ISM MAJCOM Spectrum Office
Air Force Spectrum Management Office NTIA Spectrum Planning Subcommittee (SPS) MC4EB Equipment Spectrum Guidance Permanent Working Group (ESG PWG) Know The Difference 4 Stages Of Certification o Stage 1 Conceptual Initial planning, guidance on feasibility of obtaining
spectrum support Stage 2 Experimental Preliminary design completed Stage 3 Developmental Frequency band determined, hardware testing, equipment configurations Stage 4 Operational Identify operating constraints or restrictions to ensure compatibility
DD Form 1494 The DD Form 1494, a document that captures an exhaustive variety of technical data, serves two functions: (1) Provides a uniform method to capture the basic spectrumdependent and operational parameters of military spectrumdependent systems in a format that can be easily provided to US National and host nation spectrum authorities; and (2) Standardizes the format of the technical data required to be inserted into DoD and national databases to generate frequency assignment approvals enabling initial EMC analyses, and checks for compliance to military, US national, and host nation spectrum standards. System developers will complete and obtain approval for a DD Form 1494 during each phase of the acquisition process for each newly developed spectrum-dependent system.
DD Form 1494 Manufacturer Provides Spectrum Data/Measurements Govt Sponsor Required to Submit Pages DoD General Information - (Requesting Unit) Transmitter - (Manufacturer) Receiver - (Manufacturer) Antenna - (Manufacturer) NTIA General Information - (Requesting Unit) Foreign Coordination - (Requesting Unit) Line Diagram (Requesting Unit) MCEB Guidance - (NTIA - MCEB ESG - AFSMO) SCS (Spectrum Certification System)
Software used to build spectrum certification requests Repository for approved spectrum dependent systems, commonly referred to as DD Form 1494s or J/F 12s MC4EB Stage 4 (SPS) FREQUENCY AUTHORIZATION Why? Ensures RF dependent systems: Operate in accordance with spectrum certification/host nation guidance Operate in intended environment: without causing interference and protect the user
Are interoperable with other systems Voting Board Members Transportation VA BBG State Army U.S. Postal Service Energy Chairman
(NTIA) Navy Commerce IRAC NASA NSF FCC (Liaison) Agriculture DHS Interior
Legislative Branch Federal Communications Commission (Public & NonFed Govt Spectrum) Justice Coast Guard Treasury Air FAA Force Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee (22 Federal Agencies)
Executive Branch National Telecommunications and Info Administration (Federal Govt Spectrum) Frequency Authorization Hierarchy Requesting Unit Installation Spectrum Manager MAJCOM Spectrum Office (ACC)
Air Force Spectrum Management Office NTIA Frequency Assignment Subcommittee (FAS) CAP Lead Times MINIMUM LEAD-TIME TO THE ACC SPECTRUM OFFICE: 90-days
120-days For US&P and Exercises (Depending on the equipment and frequency requested) For common radio systems Coordinating Agencies Installation Spectrum Managers DOD Area Frequency Coordinators Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Communications Commission Minimum Required Information
Frequency Band / Number of Frequencies Required Description of Use Dates Required Transmit Location Name/Geographic Coordinates Radius of Operations Equipment Nomenclature Transmit Power Output Antenna Type Antenna Site Elevation Antenna Feed Point Height Flight Level Request POC Radio Frequency Authorization CAP HF NET Radio Frequency Authorization CAP VHF NET
Radio Frequency Authorization CAP Glider Ops SOFTWARE AND REFERENCES SXXI SPECTRUM XXI: A client/server, Window-based software system that provides frequency managers with a single information system to address spectrum management automation requirements. SPECTRUM XXI supports operational planning and management of the radio frequency spectrum with an emphasis on assigning compatible frequencies and performing spectrum engineering tasks. NTIA Manual / MCEB Pub 7
Understand the role of the NTIA Manual and the purpose and the use of MCEB Pub 7 The NTIA Manual governs the use of the radio spectrum applying to agencies and establishments of the federal government https://www.ntia.doc.gov/page/2011/manual-regulationsand-procedures-federal-radio-frequency-management-re dbook MCEB Pub 7 establishes the Frequency Resource Record System (FRRS) Standard Frequency Action Format (SFAF) http://www.ssrf.us/SFAF/HTML
CAP SPECTRUM HF ALE NETS REGIONS HF ALE NET ASSIGNMENTS 544 Regional assignments, Equipment MICOM III & CRT-200 40 National assignments with 16 frequencies not committed to a location CAP regions are each assigned frequencies in multiple bands which are used for HF/ALE and for conventional voice communications. Region HF suites are designed to contain a sufficient number of channels to provide coverage across the region.
R1 NER CT,ME,MA, NH,NJ,NY,PA,RI,VT = 72 records assigned R2 MER DE,MD,NC,DC,SC,WV,VA = 54 records assigned R3 GLR IL,IN,KY,MI,OH,WI = 54 records assigned R4 SER AL,FL,GA,MS,PR,TN = 60 records assigned R5 NCR IA,KS,MN,MO,NE,ND,SD = 86 records assigned R6 SWR AZ,AR,LA,NM,OK,TX = 60 records assigned R7 RMR CO,ID,MT,UT,WY = 50 records assigned
R8 PWR AK,CA,HI,NV,OR,WA = 60 records assigned R9 = National Traffic records 14 assigned CAP has frequency assignments in multiple bands which are used for HF/ALE and for conventional voice communications. National-level channels include the National Reserve Channels Net 9 R10 = National Data records 7 assigned Cap uses these as their national data frequencies R11 = National reserve records 4 assigned The channels NRA, NRB, NRC and NRD are national voice-only HF channels and are reserved for NTN nets and other conventional nets spanning more than a single region 15 Unknown assignments are located at Maxwell verifying with CAP what they are for. AFAUX/CAP VHF REPEATER
VHF Frequency Utilization. CAP radio operators may make maximum use of authorized channels on a first-come, non-interference basis. Nets may be scheduled on appropriatefrequenciesIAWparagraph7.4.Regardless of the circumstances, all use of CAP channels must be for legitimate business of Civil Air Patrol. VHF-FM Assignments. CAPs VHF-FM frequency assignments are on a nationwide (United States & possessions) basis, with some exceptions in border zones. In order to facilitate inter-and intra-operability when CAP personnel deploy across wing or region boundaries, CAP uses a mandatory national VHF-FM programming and channelization plan. VHF NETS 543 Regional locations 1082 frequency assignments, Equipment Quantar repeater, APX-6000 LMR, JOH-5300 Base CAP repeaters were changed from a single LMR net to a radius assignment which now covers all the radios in the net which includes Fixed, Mobile and handheld radios with a radius from the transmitting location..
R1 NER CT,ME,MA, NH,NJ,NY,PA,RI,VT = 75 Repeaters 150 records R2 MER DE,MD,NC,DC,SC,WV,VA = 61 Repeaters 122 records R3 GLR IL,IN,KY,MI,OH,WI = 55 Repeaters 110 records R4 SER AL,FL,GA,MS,PR,TN = 59 Repeaters 118 records R5 NCR IA,KS,MN,MO,NE,ND,SD = 74 Repeaters 148 records R6 SWR AZ,AR,LA,NM,OK,TX = 83 Repeaters 166 records R7 RMR CO,ID,MT,UT,WY = 55 Repeaters 110 records R8 PWR AK,CA,HI,NV,OR,WA = 79 Repeaters 158 records Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)
Emergency locator transmitter (ELT) training utilizes M121.775 and can not be used for exercises or training FAAHQ has approved this frequency for ELT test. When possible local flight service stations will be notified when in use. Frequency supports tasking in the joint pub 3-50 (COMDTINSTM16120.5A). Transportable transmitters used during SAR training to emit signal simulating downed aircraft. CAP uses the RCVRS and direction finding techniques to locate transmitters. Frequency. 121.775 MHz only, 8 LSB assignments. Equipment CADET-6000 Modulation Requirements. 3K20A3X or 3K20A3N emission (wavering tone). Practice beacon frequencies shall not be used for voice transmission by CAP. Type Acceptance. Practice beacons must be FCC type accepted or conform to the parameters of J/F-12 Number 7192 for Pointer Cadet 6000 practice beacon. FAA Notification. Where possible, CAP units should provide advance notification of intended use of practice beacon transmitters on
121.775 MHz to the appropriate FAA Regional Spectrum Management Office, the FAA Flight Service Station, or the local air traffic control facility nearest the practice beacon transmitter(s) operating location(s). Notification should include: date of test, test location, geographical coordinates and a local contact (individual). This is a professional courtesy extended to the FAA to reduce any possibility of confusion. Exercise managers should make every effort to provide this advance notice whenever possible AF AF AF AF AF AF AF AF 956706 LSB VA, MD, NC, SC, DE 956710 LSB WI, MI, IL, OH, IN, KY 956714 LSB TN, AL, GA, FL 956722 LSB ND, SD, KS, NE, MN, MO, IA 956726 LSB AZ, NM, TX, OK, AR, LA 956730 LSB ID, WY, UT, CO, MT
956734 LSB WA, OR, NV, CA 956762 LSB NY,VT, NH, MA, CT, PA, ME INTRA-SQUAD RADIOS (ISR) Intra-Squad Radios (ISR).The primary use of ISR radios is for ground team members to communicate among themselves when away from their vehicles, as well as other short-range ground communications. AFAUX/CAP has national authorizations for the remaining ISR channels, however channels 10 and 11 were reallocated for other government agency use CAPR 100-1 6 APRIL 20169.10.3.ICOM 4008MISR radios are NTIA compliant for their frequencies and have full approval for CAP use, except for the channel restrictions in channeling plan. Except for the channel restriction channel 11 & 12 ISR radios are authorized for all CAP units and activities, except that they shall NOT be utilized in flight and may not conflict with other federal users. Only radios specifically manufactured for the ISR service are authorized and they will not be modified in anyway, including the addition of external antennas or amplifiers. Because these radios operate only on federal frequencies, use of ISR radios for personal communications is prohibited. 12 ISR assignments. Equipment ICOM 4008 MISR UHF radio channels 10 and 11 are not authorized for use by Civil Air.
397.3750 AF145448 397.4250 AF145449 397.4750 AF145450 397.5500 AF145451 397.9500 AF145452 398.0500 NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AF145453 399.7250 AF145454 399.9250 AF 145455 399.9750
Glider Operations CAP has been flying gliders for several years, using local established glider frequencies. CAP requires Air-Ground-Air use to coordinate from Glider to Ground Ops for landing 121.9375 MHZ 123.5875 MHZ is allocated specifically for FAA, and no other Federal use Local tower glider frequencies are only approved for air-air use Safety of Flight concerns due to required landing coordination SXXI template was created; pending operating frequency and transmit/receive locations however due to multiple locations ACC
requested 8 regional frequencies at M123.5 which have been assigned and are NIB for training. M123.5 was de-conflicted by ACC spectrum office prior to the request it is 98% clear throughout the US&P. (NIB = Non Interference Basis) AF 182224 Region 1 NER CT,ME,MA, NH,NJ,NY,PA,RI,VT AF 181129 Region 2 MER DE,MD,NC,DC,SC,WV,VA AF 182131 Region 3 GLR IL,IN,KY,MI,OH,WI AF 180577 Region 4 SER AL,FL,GA,MS,PR,TN AF 181640 Region 5 NCR IA,KS,MN,MO,NE,ND,SD AF 181693 Region 6 SWR AZ,AR,LA,NM,OK,TX AF 181694 Region 7 RMR CO,ID,MT,UT,WY AF 180576 Region 8 PWR AK,CA,HI,NV,OR,WA Take Aways Spectrum certification is first step in obtaining spectrum support
Spectrum certification lengthy process--minimum 12 months Spectrum certification does not grant approval to radiate-must submit frequency request BOTTOM LINE = YOU MUST HAVE A FREQUENCY LICENSE (RFA) TO OPERATE! Wizards Creed "Radio Frequency Management is done by experts who meld years of experience with a curious blend of regulations, electronics, politics, and not a little bit of larceny. They justify requirements, horse-trade, coerce, bluff, and gamble with an intuition that cannot be taught other than by long experience." Vice Admiral Jon L. Boyes
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