Health Promotion: An Islamic perspective

Health Promotion: An Islamic perspective

Health Promotion: An Islamic Perspective By Aisha Omar Maulana, MPH. Learning Objectives The intended student will be able to. Explain the link between religion and health. Describe various Islamic concepts that have a bearing on health.

Identify possible ways of putting Islamic concepts into practice for health promotion interventions. Religion and Health 1. (The Salutogenic Effect) Religious Pathways Mediating Salutogenic dimensions factors mechanisms Religious

Health commitment related behavior and lifestyle Involvement Social & support & fellowship Networks Avoidance of

smoking, Alcohol, drug use, poor diet, unsafe sex, etc Relationships friends & family. Lower disease risk & enhanced

well-being. Stressbuffering, coping and adaptation Religion and Health - 2 Sense of coherence The sense of coherence is a global orientation that

expresses the extent to which one has a pervasive, enduring though dynamic feeling of confidence that (1) the stimuli deriving from ones internal and external environments in the course of living are structured, predictable, and explicable; (2) the resources are available to one to meet the demands posed by these stimuli; And (3) these demands are challenges, worthy of investment and engagement (Antonovsky, 1987). Religion and Health - 3 Quran & Ahadith

Five Pillars of Islam Elements of Faith Islamic Jurisprudence Salutogenic Mechanism

Sense of coherence Predisposing & Enabling factors Behavior Healthy Lifestyle Figure 1: Pathways of Islamic Health Theory

Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1 Islamic health theory The five pillars of Islam Elements of Imaan-faith Islamic jurisprudence Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1.2

The five pillars of Islam Bearing witness to the existence of one god and the prophet hood of Muhammad (PBUH). Praying five times a day. Giving alms to the poor.

Fasting during the month of Ramadan. Performing a pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able. Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1. 2. 1 The 1st Concept The five pillars. 1.Bearing witness to the existence of one god and the prophet hood of Muhammad (PBUH). Islamic Concepts Bearing on

Health-1. 2. 2 The 1st Concept The five pillars. 2.Praying five times a day. Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1. 2. 3 The 1st Concept The five pillars. 3.Giving alms to the poor. Islamic Concepts Bearing on

Health-1. 2. 4 The 1st Concept The five pillars. 4.Fasting during the month of Ramadan. Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1. 2. 5 The 1st Concept The five pillars. 5.Performing a pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able.

Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1. 3 The 2nd concept. Elements of Imaan- Faith. Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1. 4 The 3rd concept. The Islamic Jurisprudence. Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1. 4 . 1

The 3rd concept the Islamic jurisprudence. Table 2: Showing the various classifications of the Islamic law 1. Prescribed Other terms: - Obligatory - Mandatory. P: rewarded NP: punished 2. Recommended

Other terms: - Sunnah, Preferable, Desirable 3. Permissible P: rewarded P: not rewarded NP: not punished NP: not punished 4. Disliked

P: not punished NP: rewarded 5. Unlawful P: punished NP: rewarded Islamic Concepts Bearing on Health-1. 4 . 2

The 3rd concept the Islamic jurisprudence. Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 1 Plan Act Do Check

Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 2 Precede-proceed model. Intervention mapping. A five-stage model. Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 2.1 The PRECEDE-PROCEED Model by Green &

Kreuter, 1999 Visit the website below for a figure of this model. http://oc.nci.nih.gov/services/ Theory_at_glance/ PP_Part_3_cont.html#anchor248267 Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 2.2 Intervention mapping. STEP 1: Proximal program objective matrices STEP 2: Theory based methods and practical strategies

STEP 3: Program plan STEP 4: Adoption and implementation plan STEP 5: Evaluation plan Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 2.3 A five-stage model (Bracht et al. 1999) 1. Community analysis 5. Dissemination - reassessment

COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION STAGES 4. Maintenance - consolidation 3. Implementation 2. Design - initiation

Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 3.1 An illustration using the five-stage model (Bracht et al. 1999) 1. Community analysis. Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 3.2 An illustration using the five-stage model (Bracht et al. 1999) 2. Design - initiation.

Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 3.3 An illustration using the five-stage model (Bracht et al. 1999) 3. Implementation. Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 3.4 An illustration using the five-stage model (Bracht et al. 1999) 4. Maintenance - consolidation.

Putting Islamic Concepts Into Practice for Health Promotion 3.5 An illustration using the five-stage model (Bracht et al. 1999) 5. Dissemination - reassessment.

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