Grammar 10/12

Grammar 10/12

What was I hoping to see in your Learning Target: I can identify and explain how adverbs are used in writing. GRAMMAR Adverbs Standards Focus:

ELAGSEL1: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking ADVERBS An adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

Adverbs are just like adjectives except instead of adding to the noun, they add to the verb. Get it? MANY ADVERBS END IN LY Many adverbs are formed by adding ly to an adjective. Ex: lovely, ugly, sadly, happily, briefly,

easily, truly. Warning: -ly ending does not guarantee a word is an adverb! Adjective Quiet -ly Ending +

ly = Adverb Quietly ADVERBS MODIFY

Verbs Adjectives Another adverb PLACEMENT OF ADVERBS Adverbs modifying verbs can usually be moved around in a sentence w/out changing the meaning. Before verb

Ex: The car immediately stopped. After verb Ex: The car stopped immediately. Adverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs belong right in the front of the words they modify. Before adjective Ex: Thats an extremely dangerous corner for bicycle riders. Before adverb

Ex: The car turned the corner really quickly. ADVERBS ANSWER ONE OF FOUR QUESTIONS How When Where To what extent

HOW? The dog barked loudly. The teacher treated the student well. He spoke clearly.

WHEN? We will arrive later. I will vacuum now. The bus came earlier. WHERE? They moved away.

The dog is inside. The plane flew up. I put the envelope there. TO WHAT EXTENT? This usually answers

the following questions: how often how long how much HOW OFTEN OR HOW LONG?

They always walk that way. He never says hello. We have lived here forever. We usually go to the movies on Friday. HOW MUCH?

She runs far. She likes me least. The extremely happy girl laughed. We are quite good friends. EXAMPLES

Ex: Reporters slowly gather the news. Ex: Loudly, I shut my door. Ex: The wolf howled really late last night. PRACTICE

Make a T-chart in your notes. Like this Adverb Word it modifies PRACTICE Fill in the T-Chart using the sentences below.

1.) She will dance quietly from the stage. 2.) In Mexico, sports fans can almost always find a soccer game in progress. 3.) Slowly, a silversmith designs beautiful candlesticks. PRACTICE

Adverb Word it modifies quietly dance always find almost always

slowly designs REGULAR OR IRREGULAR? What is a regular adverb? Adverbs generally correspond to an adjective, so that when we want to apply the adjectives meaning to a verb (or to an adjective or another adverb), we have a straightforward way to do so. Regular adverbs are formed by adding -ly or some

variation thereof onto the end of the adjective. Sometimes the adjectives spelling needs to be altered slightly to accommodate this, but the rules of doing so are fairly straightforward. What is an irregular adverb? Irregular adverbs, on the other hand, are adverbs that are not formed from standard English spelling conventions. Because they do not follow the rules, there is no trick to using them: you simply have to memorize them. Here is a table of the most common irregular adverbs and their adjectival counterparts:

Add this to your notes! COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS With adverbs ending in -ly, you must use more to form the comparative, and most to form the superlative. With short adverbs that do not end in ly comparative and superlative forms

are identical to adjectives: add -er to form the comparative and -est to form the superlative. If the adverb ends in e, remove it before adding the ending. COMPARATIVE/SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADVERBS PRACTICE!

Identify the adverb(s) in each sentence. Write the adverb and the word it modifies on your white board. Underline the adverb and circle the word it modifies. Marcella, deposit the money safely in the most powerful vault.

SAFELY is an adverb modifying the verb DEPOSIT. MOST is an adverb modifying the adjective POWERFUL The recently found journal said Wallace was so lost that he just wandered aimlessly in circles. RECENTLY is an adverb modifying the

adjective FOUND. SO is an adverb modifying the predicate adjective LOST. AIMLESSLY is an adverb modifying the verb WANDERED. Running quickly for the endzone, the widely recruited fullback tripped. QUICKLY an adverb modifying the

participle RUNNING. WIDELY is an adverb modifying the participle RECRUITED. Lynne pushed the most talented students so they would finish the assignment quickly. MOST is an adverb modifying the participle TALENTED.

QUICKLY is an adverb modifying the verb WOULD FINISH. The author was quite annoyed when she determined that the publisher was very dishonest. QUITE is an adverb modifying the predicate adjective ANNOYED. VERY is an adverb modifying the predicate

adjective DISHONEST. Wendy threw the garbage out, but the flies would not leave. OUT is an adverb modifying the verb THREW. NOT is an adverb modifying the verb WOULD LEAVE.

After she looked carefully in both directions, Amy sprinted across. CAREFULLY an adverb modifying the verb LOOKED. ACROSS is an adverb modifying the verb SPRINTED. Now that Royce has arrived safely, the group can settle down.

NOW is an adverb modifying the entire clause. SAFELY is an adverb modifying the verb HAS ARRIVED. DOWN is an adverb modifying the verb Their most talented competitor still will not defeat our top contender. MOST is an adverb modifying the adjective

TALENTED. STILL is an adverb modifying the verb WILL DEFEAT. NOT is an adverb modifying the verb WILL Always think positively when you are presented an opportunity to succeed. ALWAYS is an adverb modifying the verb THINK.

POSITIVELY is an adverb modifying the verb THINK. IN CONCLUSION: AR Book Time or Maintenance Sheet Completion

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