Federal Highway Administration Office of Real Estate Services ...
Right-of-Way Procedures, Tools and Techniques for Local Public Agencies Office of Real Estate Services Webinar Tuesday, July 9, 2013 1:00 3:00 p.m. 1 Housekeeping Tips There is a designated time at the end of each presentation for questions and answers. Please submit your questions in the chat pod during the presentation. Please direct questions to presenters. We also will open up the phone lines for questions. Please state your name and affiliation when you ask a question. 0-2
Welcome and Overview Carolyn Winborne James National LPA Realty Program Coordinator Federal Highway Administration Office of Real Estate Services Washington, DC 3 Federal Highway Administration Office of Real Estate Services INTEGRATING RIGHT OF WAY PROCEDURES INTO THE PROJECT DEVELOPMENT PROCESS 2-4
Learning Outcomes Understand the Project Development Procedure and Process flow for Right of Way projects Understand the relationship between other program areas and Right of Way State the requirements of a Right of Way Certification Statement 2-5 Project Development Process Start End Planning & Environment NEPA Process Corridor Selection
Project Design ROW Plans ROW Cost Estimates Real Estate Preliminary ROW Activities Appraisal Acquisition/Relocation Property Management Construction Complete ROW
certification exceptions Monitor negotiated construction features ROW Certification 2-6 Project Development Process Planning First phase in the Project Delivery Process Development of Statewide Transportation Plan (STP) or Metropolitan Transportation Plan Development of Transportation Improvement Plan (TIP) Development Statewide Transportation Improvement Plan (STIP)
Receipt of Federal Funding Requires Project Identification in the STIP 2-7 Project Development Process Environment Environmental Coordination National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) Public Involvement Note : Your State DOT should be contacted for any assistance needed in the NEPA process coordination. Information on NEPA and Federal Aid project requirements can be found in the regulations at 23 CFR 771. 2-8 ROW Involvement in Environmental Activities
2-9 Project Development Process Project Design Right-of-Way Plans Indicate the property required to build and maintain the project Illustrate the existing and proposed right of-way lines Indicate design features and other details of construction Utilities Critical part of the construction of the project
Extensive lead time needed to relocate utility facilities Compensation is based upon utility location and local and State laws 2-10 Project Development Process Start End Planning & Environment NEPA Process Corridor Selection Project Design ROW Plans
ROW Cost Estimates Real Estate Preliminary ROW Activities Appraisal Acquisition/Relocation Property Management Construction Complete ROW certification exceptions Monitor negotiated construction features
ROW Certification 2-11 Project Development Process When Can You Begin to Purchase Right-of-Way for a Federal-Aid Right-of-Way Project? The project: Must be identified in the Statewide Transportation Improvement Plan (STIP) Must have completed environmental document in compliance with NEPA Must have Federal funding authorization 2-12 12 Project Development Process
Right- of -Way Real Estate Preliminary ROW Activities Appraisal Acquisition/ Relocation Property Management 2-13 Valuation 3-14 Valuation Process Authorization to Proceed to Acquisition
Define appraisal problem for Scope of Work Agency personnel or contract personnel use data to estimate fair market value Authorized Agency personnel approves estimate of value and sets Agencys estimate of just compensation? NO
Waiver Process YES Negotiation Process YES Can you identify properties for which a waiver valuation can be used? Agency
personnel or contractor selected for NO appraisal assignment Property owner contacted for inspection and offer for owner accompaniment Property inspected and appraisal assignment completed
Review Appraiser performs Appraisal Review (Next Slide) If relocation benefits or services must be provided as a result of this acquisition, the relocation process should be initiated at this point and should run concurrently with the Appraisal and Acquisition processes. Relocation Process 3-15 Key Elements of the Valuation Process Appraisal
Fair Market Value Review Appraisal Just Compensation P. L. 91-646, as amended Title III, Section 301 3-16 Acquisition and Negotiation 4-17 START Property acquisition displaces Land Acquisition Process Flowchart
No Present written offer to Property Owner (in person or by mail) residents? Give owner opportunity to consider offer Yes If possible, make combined relocation and acquisition offers together Continued
negotiations Successful? No Condemnation No Yes Follow-up with phone call(s) or personal contacts Property owner accepts
offer? Yes Will acquisition displace occupants? Owner signs conveyance instrument Negotiations complete consider property management activities END No
Agency prepares ROW Certification Complete Relocation Process Yes 4-18 18 Basic Acquisition Policies Expeditious acquisition Notice to owner Just compensation offer established Prompt written offer to
purchase with summary statement 49 CFR 24.102 49 CFR, Appendix A, 24.102 4-19 Basic Acquisition Policies (con.) Basic negotiation procedures No coercive action 90-Day Notice Payment before possession Conflict of interest Documentation of negotiations 49 CFR 24.102 49 CFR, Appendix A, 24.102
4-20 Parcel Closings Obtain property encumbrance releases Prepare settlement statement and deed Pay just compensation to the property owner Pay property owners expenses incidental to transfer of title to Agency 49 CFR 24.106 4-40 0-21
Alternative Means to Acquire Property Donation Donation in exchange for construction features Dedication Incorporation of Agency-owned land in the project 49 CFR 24.108 23 CFR 710.505 and 507 4-22 Relocation Assistance 5-23 Relocation Planning Begins early in the development of a project often part of NEPA process Recognizes problems associated with displacement
Develops solutions to minimize the adverse impacts of displacement 49 CFR 24.205(a) 5-24 Relocation Payments and Services Residential: Advisory Services Nonresidential: Advisory Services Fixed or Actual Moving Costs Fixed or Actual Moving Costs Replacement Housing
Payments Business Reestablishment Expenses Related Nonresidential Expenses Note: Persons not lawfully present in the US are not eligible for relocation payments or advisory services. 49 CFR 24.208 5-25 Property Management 6-26
property property Sell SellImprovements Improvements 6-27 27 Case Study Impacts of ROW Acquisition 28 ROW Impacts Temporary
Construction Easement 2-29 2-6 2-6 ROW Impacts (con.) Temporary Construction Easement 2-7 2-30 2-30
Project Development Process ROW Certification Statement The Agency certifies: All properties needed for construction are obtained All properties are free and clear of any structures, businesses or people Utility relocation is addressed 23 CFR 635.309 2-31 ROW Certification Statement (con.) The Agency certifies: All displacees are
appropriately relocated Compliance with all State laws, the Uniform Act and implementing regulations 23 CFR 635.309 2-32 Project Development Process Construction Complete ROW certification exceptions Monitor negotiated construction features 2-33 Project Development Process Reference Materials
Code of Federal Regulations 23 CFR Part 710 -Right of Way and Real Estate Code of Federal Regulations 49 CFR Part 24 Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition for Federal and FederallyAssisted Programs http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/ua/index.htm 2-34 Sources of Information, References and Training FHWA LPA Website posts background information, field contacts including both State and FHWA Division Coordinators, important reference information, and training resources. www.fhwa.dot.gov/federalaid/lpa/index.cfm http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/ NHI Courses(National Highway Institute)
http://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov/Home.aspx State DOTs 2-35 Sources of Information, References and Training FHWA- Office of Real Estate Services web site FHWA- Real Estate Acquisition Guide For Local Public Agencies http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/lpaguide/index.htm. http://knowledge.fhwa.dot.gov/cops/rex.nsf/home Realty Topics of Special Interest Real Estate Exchange (Discussion Forum) Local Public Agency Forum
Found on NHI website - http://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov Course Number FHWA-NHI-141045 2-36 Integrating Right Of Way Into the Project Development Process Questions and Answers 2-37 WISCONSIN LOCAL PROGRAM REAL ESTATE Procedures, Tools, and Techniques for Local Public Agencies WAIVER VALUATION Presenter:
Kerry Paruleski WisDOT Statewide LPA Facilitator BTS Real Estate [email protected] Ph: (414) 220-5461 38 APPRAISAL WAIVER BACKGROUND The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the lead agency, has the delegated responsibility to issue regulations to implement the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, as amended (Uniform Act). Under FHWAs unified rule, agencies are allowed to determine when an appraisal is not needed if they first determine that the valuation problem is uncomplicated and has an estimated value less than the low-value defined in the rule ($10,000). So, states may use an Appraisal Waiver if:
Non-complex acquisitions Low-value acquisitions Acquisition price including damages cannot exceed $10,000 (or amount established by your state statutes). The current rule also provides SDOTs to increase the low-value amount up to $25,000: Federal funding agency must approve Acquiring agency agrees to provide owner the option to request an
Reference: Effectiveness and Impacts of FHWAs appraisal Implementation of the 49 CFR 24.102 (c) (2) 39 Appraisal Waiver, Summary of Findings and Recommendations, 2007. By Dye Management Group, Inc. PURPOSE OF WAIVER PROVISION 49 CFR 24.102 (c) (2) Provide agencies a technique to avoid the costs and time delay associated with appraisal requirements for low-value, non-complex acquisitions The intent is that non-appraisers make the waiver valuations, freeing appraisers to do more sophisticated work.
Determination to waive appraisals made by an agency employee qualified to understand the proposed acquisition is both uncomplicated and Reference: 49 CFR 24.102 (c)(2) and Effectiveness and Impacts of low value FHWAs Implementation of the 49 CFR 24.102 (c) (2) Appraisal Waiver, Summary of Findings and Recommendations, 2007. By Dye Management Group, Inc. 40 Waiver Valuation is NOT an Appraisal Appraisal performance requirements or standards, regardless of their source, are not required for waiver valuations by this rule. It is advisable though to ask the owner to accompany agency official on property inspection. No requirement for an appraisal review.
However, the Agency must have a reasonable basis for the waiver valuation Agency official must still establish an amount believed to be just compensation to offer the property owner(s). **Check with your State DOT for policy on this. 41 Reference: 49 CFR 24.102(c)(2) Agency Official Qualifications The person making the decision to waive an appraisal on a parcel must: Have enough understanding of appraisal principles to determine the complexity of the appraisal problem Have enough understanding of the local real estate market to be assured the acquisition will be low value.
Have sufficient understanding of the local real estate market. 42 Reference: 2009 edition of the Real Estate Acquisition Guide for Local Public Agencies Is Parcel Appraisal Waiver Eligible? YES YES YES O N
Usually Proceed to Appraisal Process but check with your states DOT. 43 NO Usually Proceed to Appraisal Process but check with your
states DOT. WisDOT WAIVER VALUATION PROCESS WisDOT calls this process the NOMINAL PAYMENT PROCESS Refers the local agency to the two WisDOT real estate manuals: LPA Manual for Right of Way Acquisition, Section 5.0 Nominal Payment Parcels Real Estate Program Manual, Chapter 2.10 Waiver of Appraisal Provisions 44 WisDOT WAIVER VALUATION PROCESS WisDOTs Criteria for using the Nominal
Waiver (Appraisal Waiver): Parcel damages valued at $10,000 or less. Appraisal problem is non-complex. Land value can be easily established from size and type categories in Data Project Book. No damage to improvements. Minor severance damages to owner's remaining land can easily be explained up to $2,000 (Other SDOTs may not allow). Minor economically justified costs to cure can be included. Site improvements, such as: landscaping, fencing, etc. Local Public Agency Manual for Right of can be included. Way Acquisition, page 22, WisDOT 45 WisDOT WAIVER VALUATION
PROCESS Establishing Fair Market Value The Project Data Book (formerly, the Sales Study) is the mechanism used to establish the market rates for the various types of property required by the project. To assist in evaluating damages to parcels eligible to be acquired using the appraisal waiver process Must be approved by LPA authorized official LPA must keep the Project Data Book, Sales Study, and comparable sales used to determine the individual unit value for each category in their project file. Local Public Agency Manual for Right of Way Acquisition, page 22, WisDOT 46 WisDOTs Nominal Payment Parcel Report (LPAs can use this as a
listing for parcels which will Oncethe land values are determined, use waiver) these values are applied to the acquisition areas found on the Schedule of Lands and Interests Required on the right of way plat. These figures, along with any other items of damage encountered on any particular project parcel are then compiled and recorded on the Nominal Payment Parcel Report (NPPR) (form #LPA1889). It is these amounts that become the nominal offers of
compensation to the individual property owners. The Project Data Book and the NPPR must be approved prior to commencing negotiations. the MC Local Public AgencyContact Manual for Right of Way Acquisition, page 23, WisDOT once the Project Data Book and the NPPR have been completed. 47 WisDOT
Example 48 WisDOT Nominal Waiver Example 49 WisDOT Nominal Waiver Example 50 WisDOT Nominal Waiver Example 51
How to Access WisDOT LPA Site 52 Questions and Answers Phone lines are now open for questions. Chat box in lower left hand side of the screen. 53 State DOT LPA Manuals Michele Palicka FHWA Resource Center
Atlanta, Georgia 404-562-3918 54 LPA Manuals Questions you might ask yourself.. Why Do I need them Where do I find them How can I use them
Who can I ask for help 55 LPA Manuals Why do you need them. 6,647 LPAs administering Federal-aid projects (2010) LPAs Consistently listed as a high risk area
by FHWA Retain federal eligibility for your project State DOT is responsible for your work CFR 710.201 (h) (23 Find out the laws/rules in your state 56 LPA Manuals
Where are they located. State ROW Section in Websi LPA te Manual Manual Comment LPA Website address http://cpmsweb2.dot.state.al LPA Manuals .us/TransPlan/LPA/ViewDocs.
Chapter 7 ROW Combined LPA and ROW Web Address no Alabama Yes Yes Yes Alaska no
no No yes yes no click Project Manuals http://www.azdot.gov/Highw ays/LocalPublicAgency/index .asp none
Arizona none aspx?Category=1#LPAManu al-Chapters none Arkansas yes yes n/a http://www.arkansashighway s.com/manuals/manuals.asp ROW Manual, LPA is x
Section 7 California yes Yes no Chptr 13 ROW, LPA OB 11-13 Colorado yes Yes
no none http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/Lo calPrograms/lam/lapm.htm http://www.coloradodot.info/ business/designsupport/bulle tins_manuals/2006-local-age ncy-manual 57 LPA Manuals Look up your State DOT ROW Manual On line Right-of-Way Program Administration Right-of-Way Manuals The Web site links listed below are to the respective
state Web sites or state right-of-way manuals available on line. Alabama - See "Procedural Manuals" Alaska California - See "Right of Way Online Manual" Colorado Florida - Downloadable PDF files Illinois - Downloadable PDF file (1.4 MB) http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/real_estate/practitioners/rightof-way/program_administration/srowm.cfm 58
LPA Manuals How can I use them. Connect, Click and Learn Find out the proper right-of-way procedures in your state Right of Way Forms Attend training
59 LPA Manuals Who can I ask for help.. State DOT Right of Way LPA contact FHWA Website and LPA Essentials Videos NHI / FHWA/ State training sessions
60 61 Questions and Answers Phone lines are now open for questions. Chat box in lower left hand side of the screen. LPA Job Aids and Tools 0-62 Basic Acquisition Policies Job Aid Expeditious Acquisition
49 CFR 24.102(a) LPA makes every reasonable effort to acquire the property expeditiously by negotiations Notice to Owner 49 CFR 24.102(b) Notify owner in writing of LPAs interest in acquiring the property Notify owner of basic protections provided by law and 49 CFR Part 24.102 LPA makes personal contact with owner - provides information about the project and impact on the owner Brochures about the Uniform Act and the property acquisition process are available from State DOTs or FHWA at www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate Just Compensation Offer Established 49 CFR 24.102(d) LPA must establish amount it believes to be just compensation before initiation of negotiations LPA cannot establish an amount less than approved appraisal of the fair market value LPA official must establish amount believed to be just compensation Prompt Written Offer to Purchase 49 CFR 24.102(d) LPA makes a written offer promptly after establishing amount believed to be just compensation
LPA should deliver written offer in person to property owner LPA may deliver written offer by mail See Accelerated Negotiations by Mail section below for complete information on this option 63 Summary Statement 49 CFR 24.102(e) LPA must provide owner a summary statement of the amount established as just compensation along with the written offer to purchase if partial acquisition, state compensation for real property acquired and damages to remainder, if any, separately LPA must provide description and location of the real property and the interest in real property to be acquired LPA must identify buildings, structures and other improvements which are included as part of offer of just compensation LPA must also provide a summary statement to the tenant owner of any buildings, structures or other improvements affected by acquisition Basic Negotiation Procedures 49 CFR 24.102(f)
LPA makes all reasonable efforts to contact owner or owners representative to discuss offer LPA explains basis for the offer of just compensation LPA explains acquisition policies and procedures LPA gives owner reasonable opportunity to consider the offer and present material which owner believes is relevant to determining value of property may include owner obtaining his own appraisal Federal Regulations describe reasonable opportunity to afford the owner a minimum 30-day period to consider LPAs offer, depending on circumstances regardless of project time pressures, LPA must afford property owners this opportunity LPA gives owner opportunity to suggest modifications in proposed terms and conditions of purchase LPA must consider any information brought forward by owner not considered during appraisal 64 Negotiations by Mail (Certified Mail, Return Receipt Requested) Alternative method when property owner is not available for personal contact Optional approach may involve complete negotiations by mail with no personal contact, or a limited use, such as the first offer by mail and follow-up personal contact LPA should honor reasonable requests for personal contact from property owner
This process may not be used on parcels that require relocation. No Coercive Action 49 CFR 24.102(h) LPA conducts negotiations without any attempt to coerce the owner into reaching a settlement Avoid using condemnation as a threat 90-Day Notice 49 CFR 24.203(c) All occupants receive minimum of 90 days written notice before Agency can require they vacate If residential occupant, 90-Day Notice is not valid without prior or accompanying notice/offer of comparable replacement housing Payment Before Possession 49 CFR 24.102(j) Before owner can be required to surrender possession of property, LPA must pay for property, either through a negotiated settlement/closing or condemnation proceedings Conflict of Interest 49 CFR 24.102(n) Appraisers, review appraisers or preparers of waiver valuations can only negotiate for real property for which they made an appraisal, appraisal review or waiver valuation if the offer is $10,000 or less
65 Documentation of Negotiations 49 CFR 24.9; 23 CFR 710.201(f) LPA Agent (staff or contract Agent) must conduct negotiations in an appropriate manner and document the negotiations in log or diary Negotiator should maintain adequate records of negotiations or other contacts for every parcel Records should be written in permanent form and completed within a reasonable time after each contact (date, place, parties of interest contacted, offers made, counteroffers, list of reasons settlement could not be reached, any other pertinent data), dated and signed by negotiator Record contained in the log may assist in determining prospects for administrative settlement if negotiations are unsuccessful, the record should contain documentation of negotiators recommendation for appropriate future action Administrative Settlements 49 CFR 24.102(i) Agency official approves settlement as reasonable, prudent and in the public interest Federal-aid participation requires written justification supporting the settlement Examples of issues appropriate to consider in administrative settlements: Information contained in all available appraisal reports, including the owners
Substantial differences of opinion regarding valuation issues, such as the determination of highest and best use Complexity of severance or other issues leading to uncertainty in value Handling of legal issues in approved appraisals Consideration of time to anticipated title transfer date Likelihood of jury sympathy for the owner Possibility of obtaining an unbiased jury Recent court awards for eminent domain takings in the geographic area of the acquisition Credibility of expert witnesses Potential costs of litigation 66 Course Description This one day to two-day introductory course which provides Local Public Agencies (LPAs) with a working knowledge of Federal requirements and procedures for acquiring property for Federally-assisted transportation projects. The course focuses on applying the Uniform Act and related Federal Regulations to specific situations and issues. Designed as a hands-on, highly interactive learning experience, participants will be guided through a series of right-ofway (ROW) problem solving exercises and large group discussions. TARGET AUDIENCE:
Those within local public agencies who are responsible for acquiring right-of-way for federallyfunded projects, as well as those responsible for oversight of LPAs, in addition to FHWA personnel, consultants, Federal and State staff and other interested parties. 67 Federal-aid Essentials for Local Public Agencies 68 What is Federal-aid Essentials for Local Public Agencies? A new Web site, and more! An online hub of information LPAs can use to understand the Federal-aid Highway Program requirements Dynamic videos Illustrated examples Printable takeaways Expansive resources
Federal-aid Simplified! 69 Our Guiding Philosophy 70 Library of Video Modules Modules cover 7 main categories Categories reflect key activities of the Federal-aid Highway Program Videos are about 4 7 minutes long Concise content provided in plain language 71
Lets take a look at the Web site! www.fhwa.dot.gov/federal-aidessentials 72 Sample Topics in Library of Video Modules 73 Sample Topics in Library of Video Modules 74 Sample Topics in Library of Video Modules 75 Sample Topics in Library of Video Modules
76 Federal-aid Essentials for Local Public Agencies www.fhwa.dot.gov/federal-aidessentials or [email protected] 77 REFERENCES UNIFORM ACT 1.
A new FHWA website with right to the point LPA guidance: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/federal-aidessentials/ 2. Uniform Act Overview , NHI Web based Distance Learning Course #141045 (no charge) http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/distlearn.htm 3. Uniform Act Tutorial, FHWA (no charge) http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/uaintro.htm
4. Uniform Act Frequently Asked Questions http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/ua/uafaqs.htm 5. Relocation and Appraisal, NHI courses http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/trta200.htm 0-78 REFERENCES LOCAL PUBLIC AGENCY
6. FHWA Gateway to Information on the LPA program and other public websites http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/federalaid/lpa/index.cfm 7. Local Public Agency Real Estate Acquisition, NHI Web based Distance Learning Course #141047 (no charge) https://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov/training/course_detail.aspx?num=FHWA-NHI141047&cat=9&key=&num=141&loc=&sta=&tit=&typ=&lev=&ava=&str=&end=&drl= 8. FHWA Right of Way Requirements for Local Public Agencies, Office of Real Estate Services,(On site-by arrangement) http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/
9. Introduction to Federal-Aid Right of Way Requirements for Local Public Agencies, NHI Course #141050 ($400 fee) https://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov/training/course_detail.aspx?num=FHWA-NHI141050&cat=9&key=&num=141&loc=&sta=&tit=&typ=&lev=&ava=&str=&end=&drl= 10. FHWA Real Estate Acquisition publication-LPA Guidance http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/realestate/lpaguide/index.htm 11.
FHWA Gateway to Utility program information http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/programadmin/utility.cfm 0-79 REFERENCES GENERAL TRAINING COURSES 12. FHWA RESOURCE- Realty Competency Navigator http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/real_estate/practitioners/rcb_navigator/
13. NHI Training Catalog https://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov/training/course_search.aspx 14. International Right of Way Association http://www.irwaonline.org/EWEB/DynamicPage.aspx?Webcode=CSCEventsSearch 15. Appraisal Foundation http://www.appraisalfoundation.org/s_appraisal/bin.asp?CID=78&DID=399&DOC=FILE.PDF
0-80 MAP-21 and HEP Research Highway Research and Deployment (HRD) $13.5 million Transportation Planning and Environmental Decision Making Replaces the STEP program Technology Innovation and Deployment (TIDP) $2.5 million reserved for environment and planning technology deployment. Funds can be pooled among states to support R&D activities. Federal match is up to 80% 0-81 Field Involvement
Ideas/suggestions to research coordinators Feedback on research being used Involvement with TRB committees Coordination with State Research Coordinator Marketing/Promotion/Training on products Partnerships with AASHTO, NCHRP, CEE, and other agencies SOW/Review Panels Contribute to research (surveys, data calls) 0-82 Contact Information
Office of Human Environment: Kevin Adderly, [email protected], 202-366-5006 Office of Natural Environment: [email protected], 202-366-1473 Office of Planning: Kenneth Petty, [email protected], 202-366-6654 Office of Project Development & Environment Review: Michael Lamprecht, [email protected], 202-366-6454 Office of Real Estate Services: Arnold Feldman, [email protected], 202-366-2028 CEE Cooperative Agreement: Mark Ferroni, [email protected], 202-366-3233 SHRP2 and NCHRP 25-25 Quick Turnaround Research:
Gary Jensen, [email protected], 202-366-2048 EAR Program: Mary Frye, [email protected], 202-366-0524 83 Questions and Answers Phone lines are now open for questions. Chat box in lower left hand side of the screen. 0-84 Right-of-Way Webinar Contacts Carolyn Winborne James, National LPA Realty Program Coordinator FHWA, Washington, DC, (202)493-0353 [email protected] Kerry Paruleski, Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Statewide LPA Facilitator (414) 220-5461 [email protected]
The population served by the Bay Area program comprehensively represents each of the University doctoral programs which comprises 154 active SAS students and 95 alumni. Facebook via Bay Area Campus is the only social media platform currently employed.
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