Extramural @ Massey 2007

Extramural @ Massey 2007

Exams Preparation makes perfect For more information, please see: Cottrell, S. (2007). The exam skills handbook. London, England: Palgrave Macmillan, and OWLL - http://owll.massey.ac.nz/main/tests-and-exams.php Exam experiences How do you feel about taking exams? The thought of sitting an exam is very stressful! But there are great preparation strategies that will: Reduce your stress

Help you remember more The purpose of an exam For you to demonstrate how much you have learnt about the subject/paper You will want to demonstrate your knowledge, understanding and ability to apply and evaluate the concepts You will want to: know and use the terminology/concepts of the paper name major theorists and what impact their theories have had have good examples have practised every which way a formula/equation can be applied

Preparation makes perfect Step 1: Plan your study time Step 2: Collect information Step 3: Summarise information Step 4: Memorise and revise Step 1. Planning study time Get organised and plan your study time: Use a wall planner Use a timetable

Example timetable Step 1. Planning study time Get organised and plan your study time: Write down exam dates (wall planner) Decide on the amount of time needed to study for each exam Think about where you will study Step 1. Planning study time Get organised and plan your study time: Block out study times (timetable)

Remember to factor in regular breaks Break each session into topics that you will study and practise Review study timetable every STUDY: (library) Gather previous exams Make flash cards for module one, 115.118

STUDY: (home) Make flash cards for module two, 115.118 Swimmin g STUDY: (library) Go through 172.108

exams and practice formulas Make flash cards for module one, 172.108 Paid work Paid work Touch

rugby STUDY: (home) Revise study schedule for next week Know when (and where) your exams are, and when and where you will study for them. Work early or work late find the best place and time for you. While studying, remember to eat, sleep and get regular exercise.

Step 2. Collect information You will be tested on the themes you were taught each week. Go back to your lecture notes Go back to key readings Look at the notes you made each week Look at past exams what sorts of questions might you be asked about different topics Previous exams You want to: Identify themes Become familiar with how questions are asked

Know what types of questions are asked Types of questions Multiple choice Short answer Essays Some exams have all three Previous exams: Time allocation You want to be able to answer all the compulsory questions in the allocated time Good idea to work this out in advance Will still need to remind yourself on the day How long will you spend on each question? One way is to turn the marks the section is worth, into the percentage of time youll

spend (e.g, a section worth 60 marks, spend 60% of your time) But remember that multiple choice often take less time, and another option is to allocate 1 minute for each question. Re-cap Plan your study time Gather your information Now Reduce your information (summarising) Use memory strategies Revise revise revise Step 3. Summarise information

Reduce your information Make connections between the information If the information doesnt make sense to you, it will be harder to remember Organise your information Number it Break it into sections Label it List it Study Summaries Different ways to reduce your information Condense information into:

Flash Cards Note cards Audio Recordings Charts Mindmaps Outline Summary/linear 172.237 notes A Global Perspective on English Topic 3 Global Varieties of Eng. Lang. Kachru & Nelson (2001 pp. 14-15) Inner Circle USA, UK, Canada, NZ, Aus - last 3 controversial p. 10 All public functions > Eng. gov; media, creative pursuits; edu.

Outer Circle India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Singapore, South Africa, Zambia + others See table Kachru & Nelson (2001, p. 11) for more egs of outer and inner countries Long history as institutionalized lang. & has cultural role too gov/edu. Literary creativity / pop cul. Charts Especially good for planning compare and contrast questions 3 basic issues Piaget Vygotsky

Continuous or discontinuous development? Discontinuous stages of development Continuous gradually acquire skills One course of development or many? Nature or nurture most important? One stages are

universal Both nature and nurture Many possible courses Both nature and nurture Example of a Study Matrix Displays the similarities and differences amongst bacteria Group Name Archybacteria Methanoger

Halophile Thermacidophile Bacteria Janobacteria Notorophic Pseudonomads Spriochaetes Endosphere Formers Reproduction

RNA O2 Relation Ob. Anaero Habitat Swamp/ marsh endobiotic Morphology Solitary

Covering Unique Membrane Lack paptidoglycin Get Energy H2 + CO2 CH4 + H2O Host Relation Few(-) & many(+)

Example: Therapeutic Management Clinical Features Diagram/mind map & Complications Clinical Manifestations Pain Management 1. Paracetamol 2. Oral Morphine M-ESLON SEVREDOL 3. Codine Infection 4. Antibiotics (symptoms)

Redness Oedema Tenderness Actual visable ulcer Broken skin area (ROTAB) ULCERS Causes Nursing Considerations Assessment Action

Bed bound for long periods Not turning patients Diabetes Vascular issues From the Mind Tools website: http://www.mindtools.com/media/Diagrams/mindmap.jpg

Flow Chart of Infection Cycle Step 4. Memorise and revise Memory strategies Acronyms and acrostics Talking out loud Chunking Rhymes and sayings/chants Roman room

Two memory special effects Startle effect If something stands out as ODD, bizarre or unexpected it can sometimes be easier to remember People effect Faces are memorable, especially famous faces Imagine your favourite musician / pop idol / TV character etc. explaining your subject Acronyms and Acrostics Use these to remember a set or a

sequence BEDMAS Brackets, Exponentials, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction Every good boy deserves fruit Happy Henry likes beans, butter, carrots, nuts or fruit now

Talk out loud Go through a topic out loud How fluent is your explanation? Did you have to stop and start? Are you using the right terms or having to use less clear, less precise words? Can also read notes out loud. Chunking Great for numbers and formulas 0800 83 83 83 Rhymes and sayings Great for definitions Physics:

Boyles' Law: At constant temperature, pressure is inversely proportional to volume. Boyle's law is best of all because it presses gasses awfully small. Politics: Bipartisan: a situation where the normally opposing political parties come together to agree on an initiative. Whatever the weather they party together. Roman Room Negative reinforcement Operant conditioning

Classical conditioning Extinction Positive reinforcement Shapin g Punishment How would you try to remember this list?

Oranges Arteries Sun Chocolate Veins Limes Horse Capillaries

Lemons You might group them into categories: Blood vessels: arteries, veins, capillaries Citrus fruit: oranges, lemons, limes You might come up with a story: the sun melted the chocolate and the horse licked it up. You might come up with a rhyme, an acronym, or a visual image Overall, the key to good memory in exams is to present your information in a way that works for you, and

revise, revise, revise!

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