Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, Fire Prevention Plans ...

Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, Fire Prevention Plans ...

Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, Fire Prevention Plans, and Fire Protection OSHA 10-Hour General Industry Outreach Training PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 1 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Introduction Source: CSB Source: National Archives Source: OSHA Source: CSB Source: NOAA

Source: CSB Fires and explosions, as well as other workplace incidents, may require emergency actions and evacuations to protect employees. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 2 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Introduction Lesson objectives: 1. Recognize benefits of an Emergency Action Plan. 2. Identify elements of Fire Protection Plan. 3. Identify conditions under which evacuation actions may be necessary in an emergency situation. 4. Identify conditions under which shelter-in-place may be necessary in

an emergency situation. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 3 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Introduction 5. Identify characteristics of an effective emergency escape route. 6. Recognize the five types of fire extinguishers, including the types of fires they can extinguish. 7. Review requirements for proper maintenance of portable fire extinguishers. PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 4

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Emergency Action Plans Benefits of an EAP: Written document that facilitates and organizes employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies Fewer and less severe injuries Less structural damage Reduce confusion PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 5 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Emergency Action Plans Purpose of an EAP: Describes actions to be taken to

ensure employee safety during an emergency Uses floor plans/maps to show emergency escape routes Tells employees what actions to take Covers reasonably expected emergencies PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 6 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Emergency Action Plans Required elements of plan: Means of reporting Evacuation procedures and emergency escape routes Procedures for critical operations

Accounting of employees Rescue and medical duties Contact persons Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 7 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Emergency Action Plans Training employees on the EAP Review plan with each employee Initial development of plan Initial assignment of employee to job Changes to plan or employee actions/responsibilities Annual retraining with drills to practice evacuation and gathering in assembly area

Educate/train Types of emergencies Course of actions Functions and elements of EAP Special hazards Fire hazards and fire prevention plan PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source: OSHA 8 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Emergency Action Plans General training Roles and responsibilities Threats, hazards, protective actions Notification, warning, communications Locating family members Location/use of emergency equipment Procedures Emergency response Evacuation and shelter-in-place Assembly and accounting of employees Emergency shut-down

Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 9 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Emergency Action Plans Examples of procedures: Methods of reporting an emergency Instructions for exit Instructions for limited mobility Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 10 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Fire Prevention Plan FPP requirements: Must be In writing Kept in the workplace Available to employees for review Employer must Source: OSHA Inform employees of fire hazards when initially assigned to a job Review with each employee applicable FPP parts PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 11

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Fire Prevention Plan Included in FPP Lists of all major fire hazards, proper handling and storage of hazardous materials, ignition sources/controls, and fire protection equipment Procedures to control flammable/combustible wastes Procedures for maintenance of safeguards on heat-producing equipment Name/job titles of employees with responsibilities for maintenance of equipment and control of hazards PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 12 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Fire Prevention Plan Preventing fires hazards: Understanding fires Rapid chemical reaction between oxygen and a combustible material Results in release of heat, light, flames, and smoke Requires four elements: Oxygen Ignition source (heat) Fuel Chemical reaction Source of graphics: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 13 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Fire Prevention Plan Ignition sources Open flames Smoking Static electricity Hotwork Hot surfaces

Electrical and mechanical sparks Lightning Source: CDC Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 14 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Fire Prevention Plan Tasks that require fire protection and examples of hazards Hotwork 30-minute fire watch Dispensing flammables and combustibles: gasoline, diesel, or natural gas Flammable wastes: solvent waste, oily rags,

and flammable liquids Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 15 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Fire Prevention Plan Handling of flammable hazards Only use approved metal safety containers or original manufacturers containers for storage Practice good housekeeping Keep containers closed when not in use Store away from exits or passageways

Keep away from ignition sources Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 16 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Fire Prevention Plan Fire protection equipment PPE Fire Suppression Portable fire extinguishers Fixed systems Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection

17 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Evacuation Workplace evacuation may be required for: Man-made Natural emergencies Fires Explosions Toxic material releases Radiological/biological incidents

Civil disturbances Workplace violence PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection emergencies Floods Earthquakes Hurricanes Tornadoes Wildfires Winter weather

18 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Evacuation Factors affecting response to emergencies: Type/extent of emergency Location of emergency Type of building in which workplace is located Shutting down critical operations Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 19

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Evacuation Fire emergencies: Fight or Flee? Options for evacuation 1. Total evacuation 2. Designated employees authorized to fight fire; all others evacuate 3. All employees authorized to fight fire 4. Extinguishers provided but not intended for employee use PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection

Source of graphics: OSHA 20 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Evacuation Fire emergencies: Fight or Flee? Performing a risk assessment Is the fire too big? Is the air safe to breathe? Is the environment too hot or smoky? Is there a safe evacuation path?

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source: OSHA 21 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Evacuation Evacuation maps show: Exits: to, thru, and away At least two ways out Primary exit Secondary exit Assembly area Location on the map

Additional information Location of fire PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source: OSHA 22 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Evacuation Evacuation actions: Alerting employees to evacuate Alarm Enunciator panel/speaker Accounting for who has exited How is that accomplished

Keeping employees informed All clear, re-enter, or remain at assembly point Clear to leave workplace Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 23 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Shelter-inPlace Incidents that may require shelter-inplace: Release of chemical, biological, or radiological contaminants Severe weather tornadoes Other situations occurring outside the workplace Source: CDC

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source: FEMA Region VI 24 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Shelter-inPlace Shelter-in-place: Means taking refuge in interior room(s) with no/few windows Local authorities often issue shelter-inplace advice via TV or radio Procedures specific to worksite Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection

25 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Conditions Requiring Shelter-inPlace Planning shelter-in-place actions: Alerting employees shelter-inplace Accounting for who is in refuge Keeping employees informed Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 26 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Emergency Escape Routes Exit routes: Continuous and unobstructed path of exit travel from any place in workplace

to safety Exit access, exit, exit discharge Should be: Clearly marked Well-lit Appropriate width Unobstructed/clear PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source: TEEX 27 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Emergency Escape Routes Basic exit route requirements: Permanent Separated by fire-resistant materials Limited openings Adequate number of exit routes Discharge leading directly outside or to a place with access to outside Exit door unlocked from inside and side-hinged Adequate capacity PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source of graphics: OSHA 28

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Emergency Escape Routes Clearly communicate 3 elements of escape route Exit access pathway Nearest exits from all points of building Pathway away from building structure Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 29 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Designate an Indicate exits assembly No emergency

area with No exits emergency into wheelchair exits in restrooms narrow access passages No use of Exitelevators signs indicating to reach the an nearest emergency emergency exitexit

Designate Exit away from primary and rooms exits with secondary hazardous materials Indicate the employees current location PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 30 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Extinguishing Fires Methods of fire protection: Fixed extinguishing systems Fire brigades Fire extinguishers Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 31 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Portable fire extinguisher training and education Required for employees authorized to use fire extinguishers General principles of fire extinguisher use Hazards of incipient stage

fire fighting Operation of equipment (instruction and hands-on practice) Required upon initial employment/assignment and at least annually thereafter Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 32 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Classes of fires: Class A ordinary combustibles Class B flammable liquids and gases Class C energized electrical

equipment Class D combustible metals Class K cooking oils and greases A B C D K Source: OTIEC PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 33 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Extinguishing Fires How fire extinguishers work Remove heat Displace/remove oxygen Stop chemical reaction Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 34 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Parts of a fire extinguisher and labels Source of graphics: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 35 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Types of extinguishers: Water Carbon Dioxide Dry Chemical Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 36 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Water or air-pressurized

water (APW) extinguishers Designed for Class A fires only Large silver container, 2 to 3 ft. tall, weighing about 25 lbs. when full Filled 2/3 with ordinary water, then pressurized with air Detergents may be added Cool the surface to remove the heat Never use to extinguish flammable Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 37 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Extinguishing Fires Carbon Dioxide (CO2) extinguishers Designed for Class B and Class C fires only Red cylinders, ranging from 5 to 100 lbs. or larger, with a hard horn and no pressure gauge Filled with Carbon Dioxide (CO2), under extreme pressure Displace oxygen; dry ice pieces also have cooling effect Never use in confines space without respiratory protection Source of graphics: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection

38 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Dry Chemical extinguishers (Multi-purpose) May be used on Class A, Class B, and/or Class C fires (check label) Red cylinders, ranging in size from 5 to 20 lbs. Fire-retardant powder is the extinguishing agent and is propelled by a compressed, nonflammable gas Separates fuel from oxygen; powder also interrupts chemical Source of graphics: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 39 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Class K dry and wet chemical extinguishers Designed for kitchen fires Only intended to be used after activation of built-in hood suppression system Filled with electrically conductive extinguishing agents; use only after electrical power to appliance has been shut off Potassium bicarbonate may be used in dry types; wet chemical extinguishers spray a fine mist

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source of graphics: OSHA 40 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires Using a fire extinguisher: Steps to follow 1. 2. 3. 4. Sound alarm; call fire department Identify safe evacuation path Select appropriate fire extinguisher Discharge extinguisher using P.A.S.S. technique

5. Back away once extinguished 6. Evacuate immediately if necessary Extinguisher empty and fire is not out Fire progresses beyond incipient stage PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 41 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Extinguishing Fires P.A.S.S. technique Pull the pin Aim at base of fire Squeeze handle

Sweep side-to-side at base of fire until fire appears out Watch area for re-ignition and repeat steps 2 4; When in doubt, EVACUATE IMMEDIATELY! PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection Source: OSHA 42 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Maintenance of Extinguisher Elements of inspection: Inspect bottle, handle, hose, and

gauge for proper working order Inspection tag Month and Year put in service current (annual) Monthly visual inspections completed (monthly) Extinguisher product still free-flowing inside bottle (turn upside down and/or shake) PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 43 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Whats Wrong? Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection

44 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Whats Wrong? Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 45 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 1. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding Emergency Action Plans (EAPs)? a. EAPs need to be written down only if requested by employees. b. EAPs facilitate and organize actions taken during an emergency.

c. EAPs have no effect on the number or severity of injuries during and emergency. d. EAPs increase confusion due to the number of documents required. Answer: b. EAPs facilitate and organize actions taken during an emergency PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 46 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 2. Fire Prevention Plan (FPP) requirements include all of the following, except ___. a. it must be written document that is kept in the workplace b. it must be made available to employees for review

c. the employer must review with each employee the parts of the FPP necessary for self-protection d. FPPs can be communicated orally if there are more than 10 employees Answer: d. FPPs can be communicated orally if there are more than 10 employees PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 47 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 3. Which of the following elements are required in order for a fire to occur? a. Sufficient oxygen, fuel, ignition source, and chemical reaction b. Sufficient fuel, carbon dioxide, heat, and chemical reaction c. Combustible materials, spark, heat, and

mechanical reaction d. Smoke, heat, flames, and light reaction Answer: a. Sufficient oxygen, fuel, ignition source, and chemical reaction PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 48 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 4. Only those employees who have received training on the use of a fire extinguisher can be authorized to use a fire extinguisher during a workplace fire. a. True b. False Answer: a. True

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 49 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 5. Which of the following statements represents an element of a good emergency evacuation floor plan? a. Designates one exit pathway so as not to confuse evacuees b. Indicates locations of elevators used to reach emergency exit c. Directs exits away from rooms with hazardous materials d. Indicates restrooms and windows as potential exits Answer: c. Directs exits away from rooms with hazardous materials

PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 50 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 6. Trash fires involving paper and wood products are __ fires. a. b. c. d. Class Class Class Class A B

C D Answer: a. Class A PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 51 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 7. Which fire extinguisher is appropriate for use on a fire involving gasoline in a confined space when no respiratory protection is available? a. b. c. d.

Water (APW) extinguisher Carbon dioxide extinguisher Dry chemical extinguisher Class K dry-type extinguisher Answer: c. Dry chemical extinguisher PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 52 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 8. The P.A.S.S. technique for using a fire extinguisher means ___. a. b. c. d.

Position, aim, sweep, slowly Pull, aim, squeeze, sweep Point, away, side-to-side Pin, approach, start, stop Answer: b. Pull, aim, squeeze, sweep PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 53 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 9. At minimum, how often must maintenance checks be performed on portable fire extinguishers? a. b. c. d.

Once Once Once Once a month a year every two years every five years Answer: b. once a year PPT 10-hr. General Industry Exits, EAPs, FPPs, and Fire Protection 54 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

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