Eclipses -

Eclipses -

Eclipses What causes an eclipse? How many different types of eclipses are there? Definition An eclipse is an astronomical event that occurs when an astronomical object is temporarily

obscured, either by passing into the shadow of another body or by having another body pass between it and the viewer. An eclipse is a type of syzygy. In astronomy, a syzygy /szdi/ (from the Ancient Greek suzugos () meaning, "yoked ) meaning, "yoked together") is a straight-line configuration of three

celestial bodies in a gravitational system. Above the round domes of La Silla Observatory, three astronomical objects in the Solar System Jupiter (top), Venus (lower left), and Mercury (lower right). This is an astronomical syzygy. Even though the planets are not precisely lined up in an absolute straight line, they are in the same area of space, or quadrant, which classifies as a syzygy. Artists conception of an eclipse

This is not to scale! We only have eclipses during the full and new moon phases. Those are the only times when the Earth , Moon and Sun are lined up and the shadows can fall on each other.

3rd Qu Waning gibbous Waning crescent New

Full Waxing crescent 1st Qu Shadow cones in space

Waxing gibbous Why are shadows of planets and moons in the shape of a cone? At this distance, we are closer to the object so it, and

its shadow, appear bigger. As we get farther away from the object, it appears smaller and consequently its shadow is smaller.

The moons orbit is tilted 5.2 to the ecliptic. This means that we cant have an eclipse every month because the moon is either above or below the ecliptic during the correct phase. The syzygy only

happens once or twice a year. Notice: the tilt doesnt change, the position in orbit changes as the Earth and moon go around the sun. Happens during a new moon. The shadow of the moon falls

on the earth. SOLAR ECLIPSE Solar Eclipse What does an eclipse look like?

Partial eclipses Total Eclipse with the *corona visible *Corona- Spanish for crown. The suns rays look like a crown

The difference between a total eclipse, a partial eclipse and an annular eclipse. When the moon is farther away from us we get an annular eclipse because the moon appears smaller, so it doesnt cover the whole

sun. Area of totality A picture of a Solar eclipse from space. This is the moons shadow on the earth

Area of partiality Area of totality Total Solar Eclipse Notice the flares and prominences in red. The corona is in white. The corona of the sun is not visible to the scientists unless we have a total solar eclipse.

Sun Spots Prominence Jupiter Earth

Solar Prominence The planets are represented in a true scale size compared to the sun. Solar Flares These flares send electromagnetic energy into space that can reach Earth and even the outer planets. This energy causes auroras and disturbances in radio signals.

Aurora Borealis When the suns energy interacts with the earths magnetic field at the poles, these beautiful lights appear in the sky. Annular solar eclipse Notice that the corona is not visible in this picture. There is still a ring of the suns disk that is visible and very bright. Even with the majority of the sun obscured, the amount of sun that is visible can do permanent damage to your eyes.

Partial Solar Eclipse Partial Solar Eclipse This was taken with special filters. Lunar Eclipse

When the moon moves into the shadow of the earth during a full moon phase. Because of the reddish color of the moon, sometimes this eclipse is called a Blood Moon From Simi Valley, California, December 2011's totally eclipsed Moon hung just a few

degrees above the western horizon. The southern half (lower left) of the disk, nearest the umbra's outer edge, is relatively bright. Sky & Telescope / J.

Kelly Beatty From the Moon's perspective, the Sun remains completely hidden behind Earth for 59 minutes. From Earth's perspective, the lunar disk isn't completely blacked out but instead remains dimly lit by a deep orange or red glow. That's because Earth's atmosphere scatters and refracts (bends) sunlight that grazes the rim of our globe, and some of this light continues on toward the Moon. For an astronaut standing on the Moon during a total lunar eclipse, the situation would be obvious. The edge of

the Earth would shine brilliant orange-red with the light of all the world's sunrises and sunsets happening at the time, and this light would be bright enough to cast a dim red glow on the lunar landscape at the astronaut's feet. View from space View from Earth

Different lunar eclipses Total Solar Eclipse- all of the sun is covered by the moon Partial Solar Eclipse-the whole sun is NOT covered up, portions are

visible. Total Lunar Eclipse-The whole moon is in the Earths shadow Partial Lunar Eclipse-Only part of the moon is in the Earths shadow Annular Solar Eclipse- The moon is too far away from the Earth so it

appears smaller and doesnt completely cover the sun. We see a bright ring of the sun. No corona is visible. Finish your notes!


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