New Drugs Conrad Foote and Robbie Dreha To cover: New drug definitions Local drugs trends Drugs and the Law Service provision Q&A Legal Highs were a large group of substances that copied the effects of illegal drugs but were not controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 Not always legal and did not always cause a high Novel Psychoactive Substances New . . . . . . . . . . . . Drugs Legal Highs Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) New Psychoactive Substances New and Emerging Drugs .Drugs
Meow, Bubble, Spice Research Chemicals, Bath Salts, Plant food, Magic. Not for Human Consumption DRUG SALES Drug dealing /selling Head Shops Internet What is a drug? A medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body. A psychoactive drug is a substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, or consciousness. Drug categories o Depressants
o Stimulants o Hallucinogens o Opiates / Analgesics Image & Performance Enhancing Drugs (IPEDs) Depressants Alcohol Benzodiazepines Nitrous Oxide GBL/GHB Ketamine Glues/Gasses Slow heart rate Low blood pressure Slower reaction time Lack of motivation Depression Tiredness Death Stimulants Caffeine Nicotine Cocaine
Crack Cocaine Ecstasy Khat MDMA Amphetamine Methylamphetamine Fast heart rate Increased confidence Suppresses appetite High blood pressue Increased blood flow Paranoia Sweating Loss of septum Heart attack Death Hallucinogenics Cannabis Ketamine LSD MDMA Psilocybin mushrooms AMT South American toad
Odd thoughts and beliefs Paranoia Depression Flashbacks Time perception Altered senses Psychosis Accidental death Opiates (painkillers) Heroin DF118 Codeine Tramadol Morphine Diamorphine Methadone Overdosing Loss of limbs Itching Inability to feel pain Drowsiness Withdrawal
Death Exercise Why do people use drugs? 1. Positives 2. Negatives 3. Why do adults use drugs (including alcohol) 4. Barriers for people disclosing drug use Synthetic Cannabinoids Spice GBL / GHB Geeb G MDMA Garries Pills Nitrous Oxide Nitrous Balloons
Noz Ketamine Ket K Special K L.S.D. Trips Acid Methamphetamine Tina Christine Ice Meth SYNTHETIC CANNABINOIDS Spice
Copy THC in Cannabis Higher Potency Chemicals made in China Sprayed onto herb mixtures in Europe Mixture of Synth cannabis in one packet Sold in Head Shops, Internet and Illicit sales Labelled as brands Illicit Pain management, cancer treatment, MS Synthetic Cannabinoids Spice Symptoms include: Profuse sweating Racing heart beat Extreme muscle tension Delirious ranting Very high body temperature VIDEO Vertex branded Space Cadet Three men in Warrington hospitalised yesterday (Weds, June 3) since been discharged.
Nitrous Oxide Noz, Balloons, Laughing Gas, Hippy Crack Short Term Risk: Small whippets/ canisters: Relatively Low Risk Dizziness, Accidents, Frostbite -20C Decrease of mental activity, Long term Vit B deficiency Large canisters: Sold for car engines Asphyxiation Blocked breathing, Hypoxia, Coma, Death Medicinal: prescribed with 02 Gas and Air - Childbirth LSD LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE Acid, trips Hallucinogen Short-term Risk: Delusions, LSD Related accidents, Uncertainty - Good trip, Bad trip ? Length of time: 6 to 12 hours, dependent on strength Long Term Risk: Mental Health Depression, Psychosis, Flashbacks, PTSD
Damage to Psychological Development KETAMINE Ket, Special K, K Dissociative Anaesthetic Powder , tablet, liquid Medical use as a sedative RISK Hallucinations, Perception of separation of body and brain
Drug induced Psychosis Delusions similar to schizophrenia. High risk of accidents, vulnerability. Alcohol increases risk. Often unresponsive whilst in K-Hole. Cramps. Memory loss. 1 in 6 regular users develop Ketamine Bladder (ketamine-induced ulcerative cystitis ) Class B MDMA Tablets, Pills, Garries 3,4-METHYLENEDIOXY-METHAMPHETAMINE
MDMA Pills, Garries, Magic What type of drug is MDMA? Stimulant (Empathogen) Tablet and powder Euphoria and energy. RISKS: Increases heart rate, body temp & BP Serotonin Toxicity Class A GBL & GHB Geeb Depressant Liquid (GBL) and salt powder form dissolved in water (GHB)
Medicinal usage and sold legally as Alloy wheel cleaner Mixed with Alcohol increases risk RISKS: Deep sleep coma-like unconsciousness. Seizures. Vulnerability. Violence. Agitation. Respiratory depression. Depression. Effects: Similar to alcohol but stronger, Dependence, Sleep difficulties. Undiluted GBL can burn Known to contain harmful adulterants (including commercial) Class C Methamphetamine Yaba, Tina and Christine, Meth, Ice, Glass, Crank Effects/Risk : Methamphetamine Makes users feel very up, alert and energised, agitated, paranoid, confused and aggressive It can also have other effects: Increased levels of activity and feelings of arousal. Reduced appetite Increased heart rate and blood pressure, raising the risk of heart attack the higher the dose, the greater these effects. Lowered inhibitions, which can lead to users taking risks that they wouldnt normally take, such as having unsafe sex. Drugs andthe
the Law Drugs and LAW Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 Drugs and the Law The Psychoactive Substances Act 2016 is a law in the UK intended to restrict the production, sale and supply of a new class of psychoactive substances often referred to as "legal highs Possession: LEGAL Production, Sale and Supply: ILLEGAL Imprisonment up to 7 years Drugs and the Law The New Psychoactive Substances Act
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 The Intoxicating Substances (Supply) Act Temporary Class Drug Orders (TCDO) Targeted Support (Youth Offending Service) orders Risk Factors for New drugs HEALTH SOCIAL Injury Overdose Mental health Dependence Asphyxiation
Injecting Deprivation School Absence NEET Unemployment Family Breakdown Violence Crime Risk sometimes linked to culture, deprivation, education, cost, availability. Risk is increased when: Substances are taken in large amounts Mixed with other drugs, especially alcohol Sharing equipment, needles, barrels , notes, keys
Underlying physical and mental health conditions Taken alone Used frequently Injected Mixing drugs with other activities, e.g driving, swimming DRUG-RELATED DEATHS UK, ONS 2014 1000
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P NS Drug related death [all age] ONS, 2014 Drugs Tobacco Cannabis Nitrous Oxide Mephedrone Ketamine LSD Amphetamine Crack Cocaine Anabolic Steroids
Alcohol Cocaine Synthetic Cannabinoids Heroin MDMA and tablets Solvents Methamphetamine Prescribed Meds GBL/GHB Khat Young Peoples and Adult Service Reducing drug-related harm providing: 1 to 1 support
Targeted Group Work Family Service SUPPORTING YOUNG PEOPLE provide advice & support for young people between the aged 10 to 19 and 20 to 24 with additional support needs who want to: Cut down Stop/Quit Improve safety 0151 706 9747 CRAFFT Tool Car, Relax, Alone, Forget, Family, Trouble CRAFFT QUESTIONs Multi agency screening tool to use with young people C Have you ever ridden in a Car or motorbike driven by someone (including yourself) who was high or had been using alcohol or drugs? CRAFFT
R Do you ever use alcohol or drugs to Relax, feel better about yourself, or fit in? A Do you ever use alcohol or drugs while you are by yourself Alone? F Do you ever Forget things you did while using alcohol or drugs? F Do your Family or friends ever tell you that you should cut down on your drinking or drug use? T Have you ever been in Trouble while you were using alcohol or drugs? Y E S N O Young Peoples Service Family Workers 0151 706 9747 Liverpool Central Recovery
Centre (ARC) - Roscoe Street 0151 706 7888 Questions ? Thank you Conrad Foote & Robbie Dreha Young Addaction Liverpool Phone: 0151 706 9747 Free Phone: 08000 196 197 Twitter: @YoAddactionLiv
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