Coloring the Families on the Periodic Table

Coloring the Families on the Periodic Table

Coloring the Families on the Periodic Table Families on the Periodic Table Elements on the periodic table can be grouped into families based on their chemical properties.

Each family has a specific name to differentiate it from the other families in the periodic table. J Reactivity varies

between the families. Alkali Metals Group 1 Hydrogen is not a member, it is a non-metal All solid at room

temperature 1 Valence Electron Soft and silvery, shiny Very reactive, especially with water Conduct electricity Potassium

Alkaline Earth Metals Group 2 Solids at room temperature 2 electrons in the outer shell White, silvery, and

malleable Reactive, but less than Alkali metals Conduct electricity Magnesium

Transition Metals Almost all are solids at room temperature (Mercury is liquid) Good conductors of heat and electricity.

1 or 2 Valence Electrons Less Reactive than Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals Can bond with many elements in a variety of shapes.

Mercury Rare Earth Metals Some are Radioactive The rare earths are

silver, silverywhite, or gray metals. Conduct electricity Americium Boron Family

Group 3 3 electrons in the outer shell Most are metals Boron is a metalloid Reactive Solid at room

temperature Aluminium Carbon Family Group 4 4 electrons in the outer shell

Contains 3 metals, 2 metalloids, and 1 non-metal Carbon (C) Reactivity varies Solids at room temperature

Silicon Nitrogen Family Group 5 5 electrons in the outer shell Can share electrons

to form compounds Contains 2 metals, 2 metalloids, and 2 non-metals Reactivity Varies All solid at room temperature except nitrogen, which is a

gas Arsenic Oxygen Family Group 6 6 electrons in the outer shell

Contains 2 metals, 1 metalloid, and 3 non-metals Reactive Oxygen is a gas, the rest are solids at room temp

Sulfur Halogens Group 7 7 electrons in the outer shell Non-metals, Ts

is unknown Very reactive are often bonded with Group 1 Alkali Metals Has 2 gases, 1 liquid (Br), and 2

Iodine Noble Gases Group 8 Exist as gases Non-metals 8 electrons in the outer shell =

Full Helium (He) has only 2 electrons in the outer shell = Full Not reactive with other elements

Neon Review: Name the families J The end of the study guide.

You may watch more videos about the elements at: Learn about more elements on the periodic table http://www.periodicvideos.com/

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