Academic Writing - Islamic University of Gaza

Academic Writing - Islamic University of Gaza

Academic Writing Book Introduction Study Plan of Introduction to Academic Writing You have fifteen weeks to study the first six units of the book. You need to cover these chapters in order because the sentence structures presented in them are sequenced, moving from simple sentences through compound sentences to complex sentences. Study Plan of Introduction to Academic

Writing Cont . Most chapters contain three sections: Organization, Sentence Structure, and Writing. Others contain a fourth section on Capitalization, Punctuation, or Summary Writing. Six appendices at the back of the book contain reference charts of editing symbols, connecting words, transition signals, and other writing aids. Chapter Organization

Organization Sections In the Organization sections in each chapters, you will learn paragraph format, paragraph structure, and patterns of organization such as time order and logical division. Chapter Organization cont.

Chapter 1 presents an overview of the writing process, using a recounting model on a topic similar to the writing assignment for that chapter. Chapter 1 teaches the prewriting technique of listing; other prewriting techniques (clustering, freewriting, and outlining) follow in subsequent chapters. Editing is practiced throughout the book. Chapter Organization cont. Sentence Structure Sections

A good portion of each chapter provides you with opportunities to improve the structure of your sentences. Beginning with simple sentences in Chapter 1, you learn to form compound sentences and finally complex sentences of increasing difficulty. Chapter Organization Writing Sections cont.

Each Writing section reviews the points covered in the chapter and also offers Skill Sharpeners. Skill Sharpeners reinforce previously mastered skills such as outlining, summary writing, and punctuation that you need in order to write well. Chapter Organization Writing Sections cont.

The Writing Assignment for each chapter contains clear step-by-step instructions. You will encounter the topic for many writing assignments in practice exercises earlier in the chapter, you will think about or discuss you topic before you tackle writing about it. Alternative Writing Topics expand your choices. Chapter Organization Models cont.

You will see several writing models in each chapter. Each Organization section is preceded by a model paragraph or essay that demonstrates the rhetorical form taught in that chapter. Similarly, each Sentence Structure section begins with a model that demonstrates both the rhetorical mode just taught and the sentence structures just ahead. In addition, many practice exercises serve double duty-as models and as exercises. Chapter Organization

cont. Questions on the Models Following each model are Questions on the Model that focus your attention on specific elements in the paragraph. These questions either help you consolidate material learnt in previous chapters or prepare you for the learning task ahead. For example, one question on the descriptive paragraph model asks you to underline descriptive words. Another question might ask you to identify the type of concluding

sentence, to notice the kinds of details used to support the topic sentence, or to circle transition signals. Other questions may target sentence-building skills. Chapter Organization cont. Writing Topics The topics listed for each writing assignment are only suggestions. We may think of current news topics or for photographs and charts in newspapers and magazines on which to base writing assignments. A big challenge is to keep a topic small enough so that you develop it

adequately. Chapter Organization cont. ln-Class Writing Group prewriting and in-class writing of first drafts are especially helpful in the early stages because I am available for immediate consultation. Also, I may check to make sure everyone is on the right track. Pair and group collaboration is appropriate for prewriting and editing work; however, writing is essentially an individual task even when done in

class. Chapter Organization cont. Explanations and Examples As intermediate students you will grasp points more easily by seeing several examples rather than by reading long explanations. Therefore, explanations are brief, and examples are numerous. Important information such as comma rules, charts of transition signals, and sentence "formulas" is boxed.

Chapter Organization cont. Practice Exercises Each teaching point is accompanied by a variety of practice exercises, which progress from recognition exercises to controlled production to communicative Try It Out! practices. Try It Out! exercises allow you to experiment with new skillsboth rhetorical and sentence structure-informally, without the pressure of being graded on their experiments.

Chapter Organization cont. Practice Exercises In addition, you will have opportunities to practice editing. Some Editing Practices will ask you to look for sentence errors such as comma splices or run-ons, and others target punctuation. Still others will ask you to analyse a paragraph for rhetorical devices or to check a paragraph for unity. Chapter Organization cont.

Appendices There are six appendices at the back of the book. Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D Words Appendix E Appendix F Rubrics

Journal Writing Correction Symbols Summary of Punctuation Rules Kinds of Sentences and Master List of Connecting Master Chart of Transition Signals Peer-Editing and Self-Editing Worksheets; Scoring Chapter Organization cont. Journal Writing

Appendix A contains instructions and topic suggestions for journal writing. I will introduce journal writing early in the term. Journal writing is particularly valuable for you at this level to develop writing fluency. Chapter Organization cont. Editing Worksheets Appendix F contains peer-editing and self-editing worksheets for each writing assignment. We may use one

or the other, or both. Peer editors can write their comments on the worksheet. Alternatively, each student can read her draft aloud in a small group of classmates and then elicit oral comments and suggestions by asking the checklist questions. The student who has read then records the group's suggestions on her own paper. I can also respond to your writing by using the peer-editing checklist. Chapter Organization cont. Scoring Rubrics Two sample scoring rubrics appear near the

beginning of Appendix F, one for paragraphs and one for essays. Their purpose is twofold: to show you how I might evaluate your writing and to suggest a schema for me to do so. Of course, the rubrics will be modified to suit individual assignments and individual preferences.

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