3. Cohesion: A text analysis Analysis of cohesion in a feature article A form of news story but not so timely Must contain all the Ws Hung on a peg (i.e. a reason for writing it) : something that is happening today, this week or this month Factual but includes also comment, analysis and colour Conclusion: essential, wraps the whole piece up or refers back, in some way, to something mentioned right at the start Elements of cohesion: Lexical cohesion
The internet is killing newspapers and giving birth to a new sort of news business trimming pared down crisis killing suffering death doing badly
destroy thinning dwindling lump laid off Closure Shut down Disappear Synonyms
Collocations Elements of cohesion: Lexical cohesion The internet is killing newspapers and giving birth to a new sort of news business New Start Unveiled Latest update future Flourish
Enriches proliferating Enhance encourage Cohesion: grammar dependency The internet is killing newspapers and (is) giving birth to a new sort of news business - Grammar dependency at phrase level - Ellipsis
Cohesion: grammar dependency Tense and aspect past present future founded in 1865 used to enjoy claimed to have
seen some news is killing is giving birth are suffering things are worst have shut down wont even notice will be different
will not be dominat-ed by few big titles will be shaped by thousands of different voices Intro Cohesion/Coherence Peg: San Francisco Chronicle Crisis of newspapers (due to the impact of the Internet and the
advertising slump) Leading question: Can the newspaper crisis have detrimental effects on decmocratic societies? The body Reasons for the crisis of newspapers Many people turn to the web for contents/services previously provided by newspapers (e.g. job and property listingsclassified advertisement) Advertising revenue migrating to the web Future perspectives: going electronic + charging for content New technological affordances (i-phones) New payment system (micropayment for articles)
Ggeater plurality of sources Conclusion Other cohesive devices The race is crowded, but San Francisco stands a fair chance of becoming the first major American city without a daily newspaper. Most industries are suffering at present, but few are doing as badly as the news business. Hyponymy
Other cohesive devices The race is crowded, but San Francisco stands a fair chance of becoming the first major American city without a daily newspaper. The San Francisco Chronicle, founded in 1865, is trimming its already pared-down staff in an attempt to avoid closure. And if it does disappear? Collocation Cataphor Marked structure Typical of news language (Mainguenau: 2007): suspense creation
Other cohesion devices (reference) Most industries are suffering at present, but few are doing as badly as the news business. Things are worst in America, where many papers used to enjoy comfortable local monopolies, but in Britain around 70 local papers have shut down since the beginning of 2008. Among the survivors, advertising is dwindling, editorial is thinning and journalists are being laid off. The crisis is most advanced in the Anglo-Saxon countries, but it is happening all over the rich world: the impact of the internet, exacerbated by the advertising slump, is killing the daily newspaper.
Anaphoric encapsulation is a cohesive device by which a noun phrase functions as a resumptive paraphrase for a preceding portion of a text. Other cohesive devices Most industries are suffering at present, but few are doing as badly as the news business. Ellipsis Other cohesive devices But the only certainty about the future of news is that it will be different from the past. It will no longer be dominated by a few big titles whose front pages
determine the story of the day. Public opinion will, rather, be shaped by thousands of different voices, with as many different focuses and points of view. As a result, people will have less in common to chat about around the water-cooler. Those who are not interested in political or economic news will be less likely to come across it; but those who are will be better equipped to hold their rulers to account. Which is, after all, what society needs news for. Comparative reference Other cohesive devices Among the survivors, advertising is dwindling, editorial is thinning and journalists are being
laid off. A newspaper is a package of content-politics, sport, share prices, weather and so forthwhich exists to attract eyeballs to advertisements. Unfortunately for newspapers, the internet is better at delivering some of that than paper is. It is easier to search through job and property listings on the web, so classified advertising and its associated revenue is migrating onto the internet. Some content, too, works better on the internet-news and share prices can be more frequently updated, weather can be more geographically specific - so readers are migrating too. The package is thus being picked apart. Parallelism at clause level Parallelism at sentence level Thematic structure Sentence 1 Theme: The race
Rheme: is crowded, but San Francisco stands a fair chance of becoming the first major American city without a DAILY NEWSPAPER (= NEW information) Sentence 2 Theme: The San Francisco Chronicle (= GIVEN information) Rheme: is trimming its already pared-down staff in an attempt to avoid closure.
Manufacturing Technician Pathways. CRC WorkKeys. Basic Manufacturing Technician Skills Online. NCCER Core Online. Basic Safety, Introduction to Construction Math, Introduction to Hand Tools, Introduction To Power Tools, Introduction to Construction Drawings, Basic Communication Skills, Basic Employability Skills and Introduction to...
Greeks and the Parthenon The Acropolis Floor Plan of the Parthenon Parthenon Athens, Greece Nashville, TN Statue of the goddess Athena Pediment on Nashville's Parthenon Pieces of the original Frieze Greek Orders Doric Order Simplest or most basic of the...
Feeding II: Tongue, Taste JodyLee Estrada Duek, Ph.D. Feet and talons Some hawks and owls use feet and talons raptor prey are killed by the talons of the contracting foot being driven into their bodies hooked bill is used to...
Tech asst to Centre for energy conservation. Mgt of pollution in SE Asian seas. Biod'y conservation in eastern wetlands. Optimizing biod'y within wildlife ranching sys. Reduction of greenhouse gases. Engineered wetland (Lake Manzala) Farmer-based approach to conserve plant (PA) Cote...
The Good, the Bad, and the 10-Pagers: How to make any resume better By: Candace Moody, WorkSource Jacksonville Good Resumes… Are easy on the eyes and easy to read Present information so recruiters can find it quickly Highlight important information...
Dr. Loretta Poerio - Acting Chief Health Officer, Department of Veterans' Affairs. The following five slides include the billboards each group used for their presentation. Members of each group gave a report back to a panel of senior DVA and...